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Rail statistics consist of data on a broad range of topics including rail usage, performance, fare increases and safety incidences. A large proportion of data are published in the National Rail Trends portal which is available here http://dataportal.orr.gov.uk/.

Publications

Average age of rolling stock
Department: Office for Rail Regulation
This is the average age of rolling stock. Data is available by sector and train company. All rail vehicles leased from rolling stock leasing companies (ROSCOs) by train operators that have a franchise agreement with the Department for Transport are included in the calculations of average age.
Fares
Department: Office for Rail Regulation
The rail fares price index provides a measure of the change in the prices charged by train operating companies to rail passengers.
Freight lifted
Department: Office for Rail Regulation
Freight lifted is the mass of goods carried on the network, measures in tonnes. It excludes the weight of the locomotives and wagons. Unlike freight moved, it takes no account of the distance travelled.
Freight market indicators
Department: Office for Rail Regulation
Statistics on the number of freight trains on the rail network, the impact of rail freight trains on road halage and rail market share as a proportion of freight carried on different modes of transport.
Freight moved
Department: Office for Rail Regulation
The amount of freight moved on the railway network in Great Britain. Freight moved is measured in net tonne kilometres and takes into account the net weight (excluding the weight of the locomotive and wagon) of the goods carried and the distance carried.
Freight performance measure (FPM)
Department: Office for Rail Regulation
The number of freight trains arriving at their final destination 'on time'. On time is defined as within ten minutes.
Government support
Department: Office for Rail Regulation
Government support to the rail industry
Light Rail Statistics
Department: Transport
Provides annual statistics on all Light Rail Systems in Great Britain. Topics covered include patronage, route length and passenger revenue.
National Passenger Survey
Department: Passenger Focus
The National Passenger Survey (NPS) is a national survey of rail passengers views of their rail journey. The survey covers passenger satisfaction with a range of station, train and other factors.
National Rail Enquiry Service
Department: Office for Rail Regulation
The National Rail Enquiry Service (NRES) provides information, primarily on train times and fares. It covers enquiries made through the telephone service, as well as self-service channels such as through Apps and website visits.
National Rail Travel Survey
Department: Transport
Report on a survey of passenger trips on the national rail system in Great Britain on weekdays, outside school holidays.
Network Rail monitor key statistics
Department: Office for Rail Regulation
Key statistics on the performance of Network Rail.
Northern Ireland Road and Rail Quarterly Bulletin
Department: Regional Development (Northern Ireland)
The publication contains data relating to vehicle registrations, public transport, petroleum deliveries to NI and driver and vehicle testing.
Peak crowding and passenger demand
Department: Office for Rail Regulation
Train operators provide data on passenger numbers to the Department for Transport (DfT) to allow for the monitoring of train crowding levels. In the past DfT monitored crowding for London commuter services under a regime known as ¡®passengers in excess of capacity¡¯ (PiXC) and this has formed the basis of the crowding statistics published in National rail trends.
Peak rail passenger demand and crowding statistics
Department: Transport
Annual statistics on peak rail passenger demand and crowding statistics.
Private investment in the rail industry
Department: Office for Rail Regulation
Investment made by private companies into the rail industry
Public experiences of and attitudes towards rail travel
Department: Transport
Report summarising people's experiences of rail travel and their attitudes towards it
Public performance measure (PPM)
Department: Office for Rail Regulation
Public performance measure (PPM) measures the number of trains reaching their final destination 'on time'. On time is defined as within five minutes for regional and London and South East trains, and within ten minutes for long distance trains.
Quarterly statistical summary
Department: Office for Rail Regulation
A independent, comprehensive and accurate picture of the rail industry in Great Britain.
Rail Station Usage in Wales
Department: Welsh Government
This Statistical Bulletin presents data on number of people using rail stations in Wales.
Rail complaints
Department: Office for Rail Regulation
Complaints rail passengers make about their train journey
Rail infrastrcture
Department: Office for Rail Regulation
Detail on the length of route open for rail traffic that is managed by Network Rail
Rail usage
Department: Office for Rail Regulation
Shows passenger rail usage within Great Britain. This shows the number of journeys undertaken, the KM travelled and revenue made by train operators.
Safety on the railways
Department: Office for Rail Regulation
A summary of safety on the rail network
Signals passed at danger (SPADs)
Department: Office for Rail Regulation
A signal passed at danger (SPAD) occurs when a train passes a stop signal without authority to do so. SPADs are assigned a numerical ranking between 0 and 28 based on the severity of the incident. Those SPADs ranked at over 20 are those with the highest potential for serious consequences, while those between 16 and 19 are considered to have less serious potential. Those ranked from 1 to 15 carry little or no risk.
Smart and Integrated Ticketing
Department: Regional Development (Northern Ireland)
Report to investigate the awareness of and use made of multi-journey tickets on bus and train journeys.
Timetabled Train Kilometres
Department: Office for Rail Regulation
Timetabled train kilometres (TTKM) show the number of kilometres each train operating company will achieve according to the winter and summer train timetable if they are operating at full capacity.
Train operating company key statistics
Department: Office for Rail Regulation
Statistics on train operating companies.
Transport Connectivity Statistics: England
Department: Transport
New experimental statistics presenting travel time data measuring connectivity to key transport destinations (major airports, stations, road junctions and ports) from each area of England, by road and by public transport.
Travel Survey for Northern Ireland
Department: Regional Development (Northern Ireland)
The publication contains data on trends in personal travel, how people travel, why people travel and other factors affecting travel.

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Overview

Rail statistics consist of data on a broad range of topics including rail usage, performance, fare increases and safety incidences. The first release of?data is published on ORR NRT's data portal page (http://dataportal.orr.gov.uk/).? Every quarter ORR release a quarterly summary of rail statistics, and this can be found on ORR's statistics page.

?

Topic areas include:

  • passenger kilometres, journeys and revenue and timetabled kilometres

  • public performances measures, rail complaints and analysis of the national rail enquiry service

  • freight moved and lifted by categories of goods carried

  • fares index

  • the infrastructure, government support and investment

  • journey patterns between English regions, Scotland and Wales

  • rail safety data

    ?

The data are collected by:

  • Network Rail

  • Department for Transport (DfT)

  • Train Operating Companies (TOCs)

  • LENNON, which is the rail industries central ticketing system, and

  • Office for National Statistics (ONS)

  • RSSB and London Underground

Data from the above sources are collated and analysed by the Office of Rail Regulation.

Other areas under rail statistics include:

  • National passenger survey (run by passenger focus)

  • National Rail Travel Survey (undertaken by DfT)

  • The Signals passed at danger by trains report

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Technical Data

National Rail Trends

This is the main official rail publication containing data on a range of datasets, as indicated below.? This data is available from ORR's data portal http://dataportal.orr.gov.uk/

Rail usage

ORR publish the number of passenger kilometres and journeys?made on trains in Great Britain every quarter.?The rail industry¡¯s central ticketing system, LENNON, is the basis for passenger kilometres and journeys data.?LENNON, however, does not correctly record sales of certain products. The journeys and kilometres from these tickets are added in at the end of each quarter?when a reconciliation exercise with the Train Operating Companies (TOCs) takes place.?

Public Performance Measure (PPM)

PPM shows the punctuality of train companies within Great Britain.? This is collected by Network Rail and?covers all scheduled services, seven days a week, all year round, and measures the performance of individual trains against their planned timetable.

Freight Performance Measure (FPM)

Freight performance measure (FPM) provides an indication of punctuality for freight journeys. FPM allows freight journeys to measure their performance in a similar manner to the public performance measure (PPM), which provides an indicator of performance for Britain¡¯s passenger railways.

Complaints

ORR publish tables on passenger complaints about their train operator.? The number of complaints is a useful addition to the range of performance indicators.

Peak crowding and passenger demand

This shows train crowding levels.? This data is supplied by the Department for Transport, who collect this data from the train operating companies.

Freight

Statistics on the amount and type of freight moved and lifted on Great Britain's rail network is published.? Freight moved is measured in net tonne kilometres and?takes into account the net weight of the goods carried (the amount of freight lifted) and the distance carried. Freight lifted is the mass of goods carried on the network and does not include the weight of the locomotives and wagons.

Fares

The Rail Fares Price Index provides a measure of the change in the prices charged by Train Operating Companies (TOCs) to rail passengers. This Index presents the average change in prices taken from the millions of transactions that take place each year.

Average age of rolling stock

This shows the average age of rolling stock in Great Britain.? This is available by both train operator and by sector.

Government support

This is central government support towards the rail industry.? Government subsidy to each train operator is also published.

Private investment in the rail industry

This table shows expenditure and disposal on fixed assets on the railway industry made by private companies within Great Britain.? This excludes investment by Network Rail.

Infrastructure

This is the length of track open for traffic within Great Britain.

Regional usage

This shows the journey patterns between different parts of Great Britain.? Data are sourced from the Origin Destination Matrix; an annual compendium of LENNON, the railway¡¯s ticketing system. This section is designed to provide an insight into passenger flows in each of the different Government Office Regions or countries within Great Britain

Rail safety

This shows statistics about safety on the mainline rail industry within Great Britain.? The data is sourced from RSSB who publish the statistics first in their Annual Safety Performance Report.? ORR are planning to include safety information from London Underground for 2011-12 so a complete picture of safety on the rail network can be achieved.


The report covers:
??safety incidents involving passengers
??staff and members of the public
??incidents at level crossings
??numbers of trespassers and cases of vandalism
??trains incidents, and
??numbers of rolling stock and infrastructure failures

This was formerly published as the Railway safety statistical report (RSSR).?

Signals passed at danger

The Office for Rail Regulation (ORR) produces information on the numbers of signals passed at danger by trains that occur on the mainline railway over a three month period. This report is called the Signals Passed at Danger (SPADS) and is produced on a quarterly basis. The report uses the risk-ranking model devised by the Rail Safety and Standards Board (RSSB).


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Glossary

  • Department for Transport (DfT)

    The Department for Transport is responsible for transport issues (except when devolved), in particular railway franchising and a range of executive agencies.

  • Latest Earnings Networked Nationally Over Night (LENNON)

    LENNON holds information on all national rail tickets purchased in Great Britain and is used to allocate the revenue from ticket sales between Train Operating Companies (TOCs).

  • London Area Travel Survey (LATS)

    London Area Travel Survey was commissioned to build up a picture of all travel in the London area on a ¡®typical¡¯ travel weekday outside school and public holidays.

  • National Rail Travel Survey (NRTS)

    National Rail Travel Survey is a survey of passenger trips on the national rail system in Great Britain to provide information on who uses the rail network, where, when and for what purposes.

  • National Rail Trends (NRT)

    National Rail Trends is the main official rail publication containing data on passenger usage and rail performance produced by ORR.

  • Office of Rail Regulation (ORR)

    The Office of Rail Regulation is the independent safety and economic regulator for the railway industry.

  • Passenger Transport Authority (PTA)

    The Passenger Transport Authority is responsible for setting out a local authority's transport policy and public transport expenditure plans, which are implemented by the Passenger Transport Executives. There are seven main metropolitan areas outside London funded by local district councils. They are West Midlands, Greater Manchester, Merseyside, Tyne & Wear, South Yorkshire, West Yorkshire and Strathclyde.

  • Passenger Transport Executive (PTE)

    In the UK, PTEs are local government bodies which are responsible for public transport within large urban areas. There are six PTEs in England, one for each of the metropolitan counties: Greater Manchester; Merseyside; South Yorkshire; Tyne and Wear; West Midlands; and West Yorkshire.

  • Rolling stock

    Is the collective term that describes all the vehicles that move on a railway. It usually includes both powered and unpowered vehicles, for example locomotives, railroad cars, coaches and wagons.

  • Rolling Stock Operating Company (ROSCO)

    A Rolling Stock Operating Company owns and maintains railway engines and carriages which are leased to Train Operating Companies (TOC) who actually operate the trains.

  • Strategic Rail Authority (SRA)

    The Strategic Rail Authority was a non-departmental public body in the UK set up under the Transport Act 2000 to provide strategic direction for railway industry.

  • Train Operating Companies (TOC)

    Train Operating Companies run the (passenger and freight) trains and services on the network.

  • Transport for London (TfL)

    Transport for London is the local government body responsible for most aspects of the transport system in Greater London in England. Its role is to implement the transport strategy and to manage transport services across London.

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Contact Details

For statistical enquiries about this topic, please contact:

Office for Rail Regulation

Email: Rail.Stats@orr.gsi.gov.uk

Telephone: +44 (0) 20 7282 3978

One Kemble Street London WC2B 4AN

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