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This topic relates to people who are subject to immigration control and those applying for British citizenship under the UK Immigration Acts.

Publications

Asylum Statistics for the United Kingdom
Department: Home Office
This release is no longer published and has been superseded by Immigration Statistics
Control of Immigration: Annual statistics
Department: Home Office
This release is no longer published and has been superseded by Immigration Statistics.
Control of Immigration: Quarterly Statistical Summary, United Kingdom
Department: Home Office
This release is no longer published and has been superseded by Immigration Statistics.
Control of Immigration: Quarterly statistics
Department: Home Office
This release is no longer published and has been superseded by Immigration Statistics.
Control of Immigration: Statistics United Kingdom
Department: Home Office
This release is no longer published and has been superseded by Immigration Statistics
Immigration Statistics
Department: Home Office
Quarterly and annual statistics relating to those: coming to the UK; extending their stay (temporarily or permanently); gaining citizenship; applying for asylum; and being detained or removed, as well as immigration for work, study and family reasons.
Monthly Asylum Statistics
Department: Home Office
Monthly statistics relating to people who have applied for asylum. These data are based on provisional management information and are subject to change.
Monthly figures on children entering detention
Department: Home Office
Monthly statistics relating to children entering detention and held solely under Immigration Act powers.  These data are based on provisional management information and are subject to change.
Persons Granted British Citizenship United Kingdom
Department: Home Office
This release is no longer published and has been superseded by Immigration Statistics

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Overview

Immigration control consists of information on border control and visas, asylum, managed migration, and enforcement and compliance.

Topic areas include:

  • passenger arrivals, admissions and refusals at air, sea and Channel Tunnel ports in the UK

  • asylum applications, decisions and appeals

  • people refused entry at port and then removed, removals and voluntary departures

  • people detained under immigration powers

  • immigration appeals

  • extension of stay and settlement

Other topic areas include:

  • entry clearance visas

  • the number of asylum seekers supported

  • the number of asylum seekers detained and removed

  • the number of asylum seekers who departed voluntarily

  • applications and decisions relating to British citizenship

Most of the data are taken from administrative records. However, the data on non-EEA national passenger admissions are compiled from a sample of landing cards. Non-EEA citizens are required to complete a landing card on entry to the UK.

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Technical Data

Entry clearance visas

The statistics on entry clearance visas show intention to visit rather than actual arrivals. Data, based on management information, are published for main applicants and dependants.

Passenger admissions

Passenger admissions relate to the statistics of passengers given leave to enter the UK. The data are of the number of journeys made, based on information collected from the landing cards non-EEA nationals are required to complete on entry to the UK. 

An individual who makes more than one journey is counted each time, either in a specific category if given fresh leave to enter, or in the ‘passengers returning’ category.

The data on visitors, students, passengers in transit and passengers returning are based, mainly or partly (depending on the category), on a sample of those involved.

Improvements to the sampling methodology were introduced from July 2003. This means caution should be exercised when making statistical comparisons at a detailed level to data from before this time.

Asylum

Asylum statistics cover asylum applications, initial decisions, unaccompanied asylum-seeking children (UASCs), age disputes, support, resettlement and international comparisons. 

Grants of settlement

The statistics of grants of settlement relate to the number of people, subject to immigration control, who are granted or refused permission to permanently stay in the UK, known as settlement. These provide a measure of the longer-term immigration of such people, as settlement generally occurs after a number of years of period of residency in the UK. 

Enforcement and compliance

The statistics of people who don’t comply with the UK immigration laws.  Statistics are collated on a range of topics including:

  • non-asylum passengers initially refused entry at ports

  • defendants proceeded against for offences under the Immigration Acts

  • enforced removals and notified voluntary departures, including by ‘harm assessment’ and departures under Assisted Voluntary Return schemes

  • persons who it has been established left the UK without informing the immigration authorities

  • foreign national offenders removed from the UK

Persons detained solely under Immigration Act powers

Statistics are produced on:

  • persons and occurrences of persons entering detention

  • numbers in detention and length of detention

  • people leaving detention by reason and length of detention

  • children entering and leaving detention

Extensions

Extensions data relate to the number of people, subject to immigration control, who are granted or refused permission to extend or change the status of their stay in the UK. An individual may make more than one application in any given year. 

British citizenship

The figures on citizenship relate to the number of people who are granted or refused British citizenship

Further Information

Further info is available in the User Guide to Home Office Immigration Statistics

 

 

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Glossary

  • Assisted Voluntary Return (AVR)

    Refers to a range of programmes that are available to individuals who are in the asylum system or who are irregular migrants and who wish to return home    permanently to either their (non-EEA) country of origin or to a third country where they are permanently admissible. The Home Office has been funding AVR programmes since 1999. They are delivered by Refugee Action (prior to April 2011, by the International Organization for Migration).

  • Asylum

    The criteria for being recognised as a refugee and the granting of asylum are set out in the 1951 United Nations Convention relating to the Status of Refugees. This is extended in its application by the 1967 Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees. 

  • Asylum and Immigration Tribunal (AIT)

    Asylum and Immigration Tribunal.  This board hears and decides appeals against decisions made by the UK Border Agency.

  • Bailed

    The process whereby an individual is released from detention with a requirement to appear before an Immigration Judge or immigration officer at a later date.

  • Detention

    Immigration legislation provides powers of detention. Published detention figures relate only to those detained solely under Immigration Act powers, in immigration removal centres, short term holding facilities and pre departure accommodation, and exclude detainees in short-term holding rooms at ports and airports, police cells and Prison Service establishments. Detention may be used whilst identity and basis of claim are established, where there is a risk of absconding, as part of fast-track asylum procedures (in the case of straightforward asylum claims that can be decided quickly) and in support of the removal of failed asylum seekers and others who have no legal right to be in the UK.

  • European Economic Area (EEA)

    The EEA States consist of the members of the European Union (EU). The countries are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, The Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the UK. Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway are also part of the EEA.The Channel Islands and the Isle of Man are part of the UK but are not included as part of the EU.

  • Facilitated Return Scheme (FRS)

    A scheme designed to help and incentivise non-EEA foreign national offenders’ return to their home country. The scheme covers time-expired prisoners and those who wish to benefit from the early removal scheme or to serve the remainder of their custodial sentence in a prison in their home country.

  • Immigration Officer (IO)

    Immigration officers working in passport control are responsible for checking the right of entry to the UK of all individuals arriving at seaports, airports and via the Channel Tunnel. As well as examining documentation, they may gather intelligence and do case work. Where necessary, they will use legal powers to detain or remove illegal entrants to the UK. 

  • Landing Cards

    A landing card is a form completed by passengers subject to immigration control, which is given to the Immigration Officer on arrival.  A landing card is completed for each journey; a person who makes more than one journey is counted on each occasion. A controlled landing card is one where the passenger has been granted leave to enter and is intending to stay for at least six months; a non-controlled landing card is one where the passenger is intending to stay for less than six months and does not intend to work.

  • Post – decision review

    Initial decisions sometimes have a post-decision review on them for a number of reasons.  An asylum decision by the Secretary of State can be later reviewed as a result of additional information and/or significant changes in the applicant's current circumstances and the relevant country of origin information.

  • Refugee

    The UN Convention defines a refugee as being an individual who, owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of their nationality. The individual is unable or, owing to such a fear, is unwilling to avail themselves of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of their former habitual residence, is unable, or owing to such fear is unwilling to return to it.

  • Removals and voluntary departures

    The Home Office seeks to remove people who do not have any legal right to stay in the UK. This includes people who: enter, or attempt to enter, the UK illegally (including people entering clandestinely and by means of deception on entry); overstay their period of legal right to remain in the UK; breach their conditions of leave; are subject to deportation action; and have been refused asylum. The published statistics include enforced removals; refused entry at port and who subsequently departed; and voluntary departures (Assisted Voluntary Returns, notified voluntary departures and other confirmed voluntary departures).

  • Tribunals Service Immigration and Asylum (TSIA)

    Previously the Asylum and Immigration Tribunal. Immigration Judges at the TSIA hear and decide appeals against decisions made by the UK Border Agency.

  • UK Border Agency (UKBA)

    The UK Border Agency is responsible for securing the UK borders and controlling migration in the UK. 

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Contact Details

For statistical enquiries about this topic, please contact:

Migration Statistics

Email: MigrationStatsEnquiries@homeoffice.gsi.gov.uk

Telephone: +44 (0) 20 7035 4848

Home Office Statistics 17th Floor, Lunar House 40 Wellesley Road Croydon Surrey CR9 2BY

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