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Latest on mortality numbers and rates for England and Wales, including all-cause and specific causes as defined by the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10).

Publications

Alcohol-related Deaths in the United Kingdom
Department: Office for National Statistics
Alcohol-related deaths in the United Kingdom, England and Wales, and government office regions in England.
Annual Report of the Registrar General (Northern Ireland)
Department: Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency
Finalised data for all births, deaths, marriages, civil partnerships and divorces along with population data for the year in question.
Atlas of Deprivation: England
Department: Office for National Statistics
The Indices of Multiple Deprivation for England combine a number of areas, chosen to cover a range of economic, social and housing issues into a single deprivation score for each Lower Layer Super Output Area in England. The Atlas of Deprivation allows a map visualisation of the overall LSOA deprivation score (rank) and the score (rank) for each of the seven domains by local authority.
Birth cohort tables, England and Wales
Department: Office for National Statistics
Annual infant deaths that have been linked to their corresponding birth record. Ages for infants born in a given calendar year.
Child mortality statistics: Childhood, infant and perinatal
Department: Office for National Statistics
Annual statistics on stillbirths, infant deaths and childhood deaths occurring annually in England and Wales.
Death certification reform: A case study on the potential impact on mortality statistics
Department: Office for National Statistics
Results from a case study of areas piloting death certification reform showing the potential impact on mortality statistics by cause of death.
Death registrations by single year of age
Department: Office for National Statistics
Discontinued - Death registrations by single year of age for the United Kingdom and England and Wales.
Death registrations summary tables, England and Wales
Department: Office for National Statistics
Annual data on death registrations. Contains death rates, cause of death data by sex and age and death registrations by area of residence and SYOA.
Deaths in Northern Ireland
Department: Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency
Deaths registered in Northern Ireland during the registration year.
Deaths involving Clostridium difficile
Department: Office for National Statistics
Deaths where Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) was mentioned on the death certificate: by sex, age group and place of death, in England and Wales. National data are available for 1999 and for 2001 onwards.
Deaths involving MRSA
Department: Office for National Statistics
Deaths where meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was mentioned on the death certificate: by sex, age group and place of death, in England and Wales. National data are available from 1993 onwards.
Deaths related to drug poisoning
Department: Office for National Statistics
Deaths related to drug poisoning in England and Wales from 1993 onwards, by cause of death, sex, age and substances involved in the death.
European Standard Population
Department: Office for National Statistics
The European Standard Population is an artificial population structure, first introduced in 1976, which is used in the weighting of mortality or incidence data to produce age-standardised rates (ASRs). At the end of 2012, Eurostat, the statistical institute of the European Union, decided to bring this structure up to date. The change to the methods of calculating ASRs will have a significant effect on a variety of figures published as official statistics in the UK.
Excess Winter Mortality in England and Wales
Department: Office for National Statistics
A measure of the increase in winter mortality, provided on an annual basis, in the form of the excess winter mortality figure.
Excess winter deaths in Wales
Department: Welsh Government
Presents data on excess winter deaths in Wales, based on figures produced by the Office for National Statistics (ONS).
Geographic Variations in Health (DS No.16)
Department: Office for National Statistics
This volume builds on the tradition of undertaking in-depth analyses of mortality by area in decennial supplements to annual statistical publications. It covers the 1990s and, for the first time, takes a broader view of health outcomes than are reflected by mortality alone. It includes reviews of variations in congenital anomalies, cancer incidence, adult and infant mortality, births, conceptions and abortions. Data are presented for the UK and constituent countries, regions, and local areas.
Gestation-specific infant mortality in England and Wales
Department: Office for National Statistics
Live births and infant deaths by gestational age, birthweight, multiplicity, mother's age, marital status, household occupation and ethnic group.
Historic and projected mortality data from the UK life tables
Department: Office for National Statistics
Mortality data used in the calculation of historic and projected life tables. Following the publication of the period and cohort life expectancy tables, ONS prepares databases for the UK and each of the constituent countries. Published for the first time in this release are tables of historic and projected qx (probability of dying at each age) and lx values (numbers of people surviving at each age) for the UK, on a period and cohort basis for each year 1951 to 2060.
Increased Winter Mortality, Scotland
Department: National Records of Scotland
The difference between the number of deaths in the four-month 'winter' period and the average of the previous and subsequent four-month periods.
Infant and perinatal mortality in England and Wales by social and biological factors
Department: Office for National Statistics
Infant and perinatal mortality by social and biologial factors including father's occupation, mother's country of birth, birthweight and mother's age
Infant and perinatal mortality summary tables, England and Wales
Department: Office for National Statistics
Present data on infant deaths registered in England and Wales by health areas. This publication has been discontinued. The data for 2010 onwards is now available in Table 6 of the Deaths registrations summary tables, England and Wales. The birthweight data are published separately in detailed statistics on birthweight for the same regional breakdown in the Characteristics of Birth 1 output.
Infant mortality by ethnic group
Department: Office for National Statistics
Live births, infant deaths, and infant mortality rates by ethnic group as well as on infant deaths, and infant mortality rates by cause of death and ethnic group.
Injury and poisoning mortality in England and Wales
Department: Office for National Statistics
Annual data on deaths from injury and poisoning using a matrix of mechanism by intent developed by the International Collaborative Effort (ICE).
Leading causes of death
Department: Office for National Statistics
Leading causes of death by age group and sex
Life expectancy at birth and at age 65 by local areas in England and Wales
Department: Office for National Statistics
Life expectancy at birth and at age 65 by local areas in England and Wales
Lifetime Opportunities Monitoring Framework
Department: Office of the First and Deputy First Minister
This report presents a range of statistical targets and indicators in support of the Northern Ireland Executive’s anti poverty and social inclusion strategy ‘Lifetime Opportunities'. The monitoring framework is structured around 3 ‘layers’: • Child poverty targets • Poverty and social inclusion indicators • Public service agreement targets Analyses of statistics are on a lifecycle basis and are benchmarked against other jurisdictions when possible
Monthly figures on deaths registered by area of usual residence, England and Wales
Department: Office for National Statistics
Monthly death figures provide counts of deaths registered by area of usual residence in a calendar month.
Monthly provisional figures on deaths registered by area of usual residence, England and Wales
Department: Office for National Statistics
Discontinued - Monthly death figures provide provisional counts of the number of deaths registered by area of usual residence, England and Wales.
Mortality Statistics: Cause, England and Wales (Series DH2: discontinued)
Department: Office for National Statistics
Discontinued. Presents statistics on deaths occurring annually in England and Wales.
Mortality Statistics: Childhood, infant and perinatal, England and Wales (Series DH3)
Department: Office for National Statistics
Discontinued - Replaced with Child mortality statistics - Annual review of the Registrar General on childhood, infant and perinatal deaths, in England and Wales.
Mortality Statistics: Deaths registered in England and Wales (Series DR)
Department: Office for National Statistics
Annual mortality statistics on deaths registered by age-group, sex and underlying cause of death and by other information collected at the time of registration.
Mortality Statistics: Deaths registered in England and Wales by area of usual residence
Department: Office for National Statistics
Annual data on death registrations. Summary tables including age-standardised mortality rates,deaths by age and sex.
Mortality Statistics: General, England and Wales (Series DH1: discontinued)
Department: Office for National Statistics
Discontinued. Contains key statistics of deaths and death rates in England and Wales by age, sex, marital status, place of death, birthplace and coroner involvement for the year.
Mortality Statistics: Injury and Poisoning, England and Wales (Series DH4: discontinued)
Department: Office for National Statistics
Discontinued. Contains detailed analyses of all deaths which were attributed to accidents, poisonings and violence, covering both the external cause and the nature of injury. These deaths are analysed by age and sex.
Mortality in the United Kingdom
Department: Office for National Statistics
A summary of the trends in age-standardised mortality rates in the UK and constituent countries, 1980 to 2010.
Probability of survival to age 75 for local authorities in England and Wales
Department: Office for National Statistics
The probability of survival to age 75 estimates the likelihood of a person surviving between birth and age 75. The probabilities of survival are based on the assumption that individuals would experience that year's age-specific mortality rates throughout their lives. The results are comparable over time and between areas.
Public Health Outcomes Framework
Department: Health
Compendium of public health outcomes indicators presented at England and upper tier LA level. Indicators are split over 4 domains: improving the wider determinants of health; health improvement; health protection; healthcare, public health and preventing premature mortality. Public Health England is now responsible for the publication of the Public Health Outcomes Framework.
Public Health Outcomes Framework
Department: Public Health England
Compendium of public health outcomes indicators presented at England and upper tier LA level. Indicators are split over 4 domains: improving the wider determinants of health; health improvement; health protection; healthcare, public health and preventing premature mortality. The Department of Health was previously responsible for the publication of the Public Health Outcomes Framework.
Quality of ethnicity and gestation data subnationally for births and infant deaths in England and Wales
Department: Office for National Statistics
Births registered in England and Wales are linked to birth notifications records to utilise key variables. These linked records are further linked to death registration records. This permits publication of live births and infant deaths by ethnicity and gestational age, and additionally by birthweight, multiplicity of births, mother's age, marital status (registration type) and father's occupation. This release reports on the data subnationally.
Registrar General Quarterly Report (Northern Ireland)
Department: Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency
Births, Deaths, Marriages and Civil Partnerships registered in Northern Ireland during each quarter.
Results of the ICD-10 v2010 bridge coding study, England and Wales, 2009
Department: Office for National Statistics
Gives results of the ICD-10 v2010 bridge coding study, which shows the impact of the new ICD-10 software update on mortality statistics by cause of death.
Standardised Mortality Ratios
Department: Office for National Statistics
Contains standardised Mortality Ratios (SMRs) calculated for wards in England and Wales for deaths under age 85, based on mortality data from 1999-2003.
Suicides in the United Kingdom
Department: Office for National Statistics
Suicides in the United Kingdom, England and Wales, and government office regions in England.
The 21st Century Mortality Files
Department: Office for National Statistics
A record of mortality in England and Wales from 2001 onwards. The files are designed to complement the 20th Century Mortality Files, which are a record of mortality in England and Wales from 1901 to 2000. The files consist of an aggregated database of deaths by age-group, sex, year and underlying cause, and include populations for England and Wales.
Unexplained deaths in infancy, England and Wales
Department: Office for National Statistics
Report on unexplained infant deaths in England and Wales which includes sudden infant deaths and deaths for which the cause remained unknown or unascertained.
Vital Statistics: Population and Health Reference Tables
Department: Office for National Statistics
These tables provide annual and quarterly data for a selection of key statistics under the following themes: population, demography and health.
Weekly provisional figures on deaths registered in England and Wales
Department: Office for National Statistics
Weekly death figures provide provisional counts of the number of deaths registered in England and Wales in the latest eight weeks for which data are available.

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Overview

The Office for National Statistics (ONS) produces mortality figures (numbers and rates) for all causes as specified in the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10), and for a range of grouped causes. These data cover England and Wales.

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Technical Data

The Office for National Statistics (ONS) Vital Statistics Outputs Branch (VSOB) produces an annual publication (Series DR) that contains mortality statistics on deaths registered in England and Wales, classified by sex and age and by other selected information collected at the time of registration.

Statistics for deaths in previous years are also included to show recent trends in mortality. This single publication replaces the annual reference volumes DH1, DH2 and DH4 and contains selected key tables previously included in these volumes. The tables are based on deaths registered in a calendar year whereas DH1, DH2 and DH4 reported on deaths occurring in a calendar year.

VSOB also produces a cause of death report for the Health Statistics Quarterly journal, an area report for the Population Trends journal, and the annual publication DH3 that contains detailed analyses of all stillbirths, infant and perinatal deaths and data on deaths of children under 16 by cause of death, sex and age group.

There are also analyses by some of the key risk factors affecting stillbirths and infant deaths, obtained by linking the baby's death record with the corresponding birth record; father's social class, age and country of birth of mother, previous children born within the marriage, and birthweight.

In addition, VSOB produces an estimate of the number of deaths registered in England and Wales in the previous week based on submissions of death records from register offices. An estimate of the number of deaths caused by respiratory disease is also produced. The estimates are used as a rapid surveillance tool for early warning signs of an upturn in the number of deaths. This may be caused, for example by a particularly cold weather spell, an influenza epidemic or a heatwave.

 

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Glossary

  • Accelerated registrations

    The process by which a death can be registered at the time of adjournment of an inquest, instead of having to await the outcome of criminal proceedings.

  • Annual extract

    The data set taken from the main deaths database from which most mortality tabulations are derived.

  • Assault

    The ICD-10 terminology referring to homicide and injuries inflicted by another person with intent to injure or kill, by any means (excluding deaths from legal intervention and operations of war).

  • Automated Cause Coding Sytem (ACCS)

    Automated cause coding system software developed by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

  • Bridge coding

    An exercise in which the same group of deaths are independently classified according to two different classifications or coding methods.

  • CHALE

    Centre for Health Analysis & Life Events (at the Office for National Statistics).

  • Comparability ratio

    A measure, expressed as a ratio, indicating the net effect of the change in classification (from ICD-9 to ICD-10) on a particular cause of death.

  • Coroner

    Public official responsible for the investigation of violent, sudden or suspicious deaths.

  • Declaration

    The method by which an informant can register a death in a different district from that in which the death occurred.

  • Dual coding

    The coding of the same data twice, using different methods of coding in order to assess inconsistencies.

  • Early neonatal deaths

    Deaths at ages up to six completed days of life.

  • Epidemiologist

    A person concerned with the incidence and distribution of diseases and other factors, including the environment, relating to health.

  • External cause

    Death resulting from accident or violence. An alternative term for the underlying cause of death. ICD codes from Chapter XX (see Secondary causes).

  • GRO

    General Register Office, located in Southport, England.

  • Hierarchical classification

    The Office for National Statistics’ (ONS’s) method for classifying the causes of neonatal deaths and stillbirths using groups of ICD codes referred to as ‘ONS cause groups’.

  • HSQ

    Health Statistics Quarterly journal (an Office for National Statistics ONS quarterly publication).

  • Inquest

    Inquiry into the cause of an unexplained, sudden or violent death held by a coroner.

  • International Classification of Diseases (ICD)

    The ICD is the international standard diagnostic classification for all general epidemiological, many health management purposes and clinical use. It is used to classify diseases and other health problems recorded on many types of health and vital records including death certificates and health records. In addition to enabling the storage and retrieval of diagnostic information for clinical, epidemiological and quality purposes, these records also provide the basis for the compilation of national mortality and morbidity statistics.

  • KPVS

    Key Population and Vital Statistics (publication).

  • MCCD

    Medical Certificate of Cause of Death.

  • Modification rules

    Rules used in ICD-10 applied rules to select the correct underlying cause of death.

  • Mortality rate

    The usual practice in Office for National Statistics (ONS) publications is to calculate age-standardised mortality rates per 100,000 population, standardised to the European Standard Population. Age-standardised rates are used to allow comparison between populations which may contain different proportions of people of different ages.

  • NCHS

    National Center for Health Statistics, USA, who developed ACCS.

  • Neonatal

    Relating to infants aged under 28 days.

  • NHSCR

    National Health Service Central Register.

  • Perinatal deaths

    Stillbirths and deaths at ages up to six completed days of life (early neonatal).

  • Population Trends

    An Office for National Statistics (ONS) quarterly publication.

  • Postneonatal deaths

    Deaths of infants aged 28 days and over but under one year.

  • Registrar

    Statutory officer responsible for the registration of births, deaths and marriages.

  • Registrar General

    Statutory appointment with responsibility for the administration of the registration Acts in England and Wales, and other related functions as specified by the relevant legislation.

  • Registration officer

    Generic term for registrar, superintendent registrar and additional registrars.

  • Reports

    Short articles on cause of death using registration data soon after they are available (in the Health Statistics Quarterly and Population Trends journals).

  • RON

    Registration online. A web-based system that enables registrars to record births, stillbirths, deaths and civil partnerships online. 

  • RSS

    Registration Service Software.

  • Rule 3

    One of the rules used to select the correct underlying cause of death; its different use in ICD-10 results in significant differences from ICD-9 for some causes (see Selection rules).

  • Secondary cause

    The nature of injury, or main injury, that caused death (where the underlying cause is assigned to an external cause from Chapter XX in ICD-10, V01 to Y89). Nature of injury codes are taken mostly from Chapter XIX (prefixes S and T).

  • Selection rules

    Rules used in the ICD to determine the correct selection of the underlying cause of death (see Rule 3).

  • Sequela (sequelae)

    A condition (or conditions) reported as the result of a previous injury, a ‘late effect’ (under ICD-9), or that occurs as a late effect one year or more after the originating event.

  • Standardised mortality ratio (SMR)

    An SMR is the ratio of the observed number of deaths in an area (for example, an electoral ward) to the number expected if that area had the same age-specific rates as a reference area (for example, England and Wales). If an SMR is less than 100, the number of deaths in an area was less than would have been expected. Conversely, if an SMR is greater than 100, the number of deaths was greater than expected.

  • Standard population

    Used in the calculation of the age-standardised death rates; an element of the population (such as age and sex) is ‘held constant’ to control its effect, for example, the European Standard.

  • Stillbirth

    Refers to the Stillbirth (Definition) Act 1992; a child born after 24 or more weeks completed gestation who did not show any signs of life at any time after being born.

  • Superintendent registrar

    Statutory officer with responsibilities relating to births, deaths, marriage and other registration functions, as specified in the relevant legislation.

  • Underlying cause of death

    The cause of death selected for primary tabulation based on ICD rules.

  • VSOB

    Vital Statistics Outputs Branch (at the Office for National Statistics (ONS)).

  • WHO

    World Health Organisation.

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Contact Details

For statistical enquiries about this topic, please contact:

Vital Statistics Outputs Branch (VSOB)

Email: VSOB@ons.gsi.gov.uk

Telephone: +44 (0) 1329 444 110

The Office for National Statistics Segensworth Road Titchfield Fareham PO15 5RR

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