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Social protection describes help given to those in need or at risk of hardship. Regarded as a safety net meant to provide a minimum decent standard of living it is designed to protect the vulnerable in society such as those affected by, for example, illness, low income, family circumstances or age.

Publications

Abstract of Statistics for Benefits, National Insurance Contributions, and Indices of Prices and Earnings
Department: Work and Pensions
A compendium publication of benefit rates, RPI, AEI and benefit expenditure. The content has been revised for the 2009 edition.
Access to Work Official Statistics
Department: Work and Pensions
Quarterly Official Statistics on Access to Work. Records numbers of new customers helped in the period and numbers of existing customers who continue to receive support.
Child Support Agency Quarterly Summary of Statistics
Department: Child Maintenance and Enforcement Commission
Statistics from the Child Support Agency.
Child Support Agency Quarterly Summary of Statistics
Department: Work and Pensions
Statistics from the Child Support Agency on the 1993 and 2003 schemes.
Children in out-of-work benefit households
Department: Work and Pensions
The number of children who lived in households where a parent or guardian claims an out-of-work benefit
Continuous Household Survey Bulletin
Department: Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency
The Bulletin provides summary information as well as some trend data from previous years. It includes information on - smoking, household composition, debt, internet access, health, sport and leisure, environmental issues, mobile phones and job applications.
DWP Quarterly Statistical Summary
Department: Work and Pensions
Summary: Release of DWP statistics on i) Quarterly benefit claimants, employment programmes and labour market decisions ii) Monthly experimental early estimates for Income Support lone parents and Incapacity Benefits working age client groups iii) Monthly Housing Benefit and Council Tax Benefit. NOTE: Early estimates are designed to give indicative, timely information; they are not a substitute for the National Statistics. The early estimates will be replaced by the quarterly National Statistics covering the same period when they are published. The National Statistics are the finalised figures.
DWP Statistical Summary
Department: Work and Pensions
Summary: Release of DWP monthly statistics on i) Experimental early estimates for Income Support lone parents and Incapacity Benefits working age client groups ii) Housing Benefit and Council Tax Benefit. NOTE: Early estimates are designed to give indicative, timely information; they are not a substitute for the National Statistics. The early estimates will be replaced by the quarterly National Statistics covering the same period when they are published. The National Statistics are the finalised figures. From January 2010 early estimates and Housing Benefit and Council Tax Benefit are released as part of the DWP quarterly Statistical Summary.
Delivery Directorate Performance Report
Department: Work and Pensions
Contract performance for Contracted Employment Provision - Initial releases will contain Flexible New Deal (FND) figures for starts and jobs broken down by contract package area. Later releases will contain further Contracted Employment Provision data.
Department for Work and Pensions Equality Information - Public Sector Equality Duty
Department: Work and Pensions
The Department for Work and Pensions Equality Information report provides information on a range of key indicators broken down, where data allows , by protected characteristics such as age, disability, sex and ethnicity.
Duration on working-age benefits, Great Britain
Department: Work and Pensions
This release looks at a snapshot of claimants each year and examines the total duration those individuals had spent in receipt of one or more of the main DWP working-age benefits over the preceding four years.
Employment and Support Allowance - Incapacity Benefit Reassessments: Outcomes of Work Capability Assessments by duration of claim
Department: Work and Pensions
This publication looks at Incapacity Benefits conversions to Employment and Support Allowance. It specifically outlines the outcomes of Work Capability Assessments by duration of incapacity benefits claim.
Employment and Support Allowance - Incapacity Benefits Reassessments: Outcomes of Work Capability Assessments, Great Britain
Department: Work and Pensions
This publication looks at Incapacity Benefits conversions to Employment and Support Allowance. It specifically outlines the outcomes of Work Capability Assessments, Great Britain.
Employment and Support Allowance Sanctions
Department: Work and Pensions
Quarterly statistics on the number of sanctions applied to ESA claimants
Employment and Support Allowance – Incapacity Benefits Reassessments: Outcomes of Work Capability Assessments, Regions and Local
Department: Work and Pensions
This publication looks at Incapacity Benefits conversions to Employment and Support Allowance. It specifically outlines the outcomes of Work Capability Assessments, Regions and Local
Employment and Support Allowance: Outcomes of Work Capability Assessments, Great Britain
Department: Work and Pensions
This report presents information on both new claims and claims undergoing reassessment of incapacity benefits for Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) in Great Britain. It provides statistics on the outcome of completed assessments, claims still in progress and claims closed before the assessment process is complete.
Employment and Support Allowance: Outcomes of Work Capability Assessments, Great Britain – new claims
Department: Work and Pensions
Cohort based and in-month statistics of outcomes for the Employment and Support Allowance Work Capability Assessment. NOTE: THIS PUBLICATION HAS BEEN RENAMED - FROM FEBRUARY 2012 the title will be Employment and Support Allowance: Outcomes of Work Capability Assessments, Great Britain – new claims. Before Feb 2012 the title was Employment and Support Allowance: Work Capability Assessment Statistical Release
Employment and Support Allowance: Work Capability Assessment Statistical Release
Department: Work and Pensions
Cohort based and in-month statistics of outcomes for the Employment and Support Allowance Work Capability Assessment.
Estimates of Take-Up Reports (Northern Ireland)
Department: Social Development (Northern Ireland)
Information on the take-up of the main income-related benefits (Income Support, Pension Credit, Housing Benefit, Job-Seekers Allowance).
Family Resources Survey
Department: Work and Pensions
The Family Resources Survey collects information on the incomes and circumstances of private households in the UK (or Great Britain before 2002/03).
Family Resources Survey Reports (Northern Ireland)
Department: Social Development (Northern Ireland)
Information collected from the Family Resources Survey.
Fraud and Error in the Benefit System
Department: Work and Pensions
An estimate of the levels of fraud and error in the social security benefits system in Great Britain.
Geographical Data on Attendance Allowance in Northern Ireland
Department: Social Development (Northern Ireland)
Contains data on Attendance Allowance claimants at electoral ward level.
Geographical Data on Carer's Allowance in Northern Ireland
Department: Social Development (Northern Ireland)
Contains data on Carer's Allowance claimants at electoral ward level.
Geographical Data on Disability Living Allowance in Northern Ireland
Department: Social Development (Northern Ireland)
Contains data on Disability Living Allowance claimants at electoral ward level.
Geographical Data on Incapacity Benefit in Northern Ireland
Department: Social Development (Northern Ireland)
Contains data on Incapacity Benefit claimants at electoral ward level.
Geographical Data on Income Support in Northern Ireland
Department: Social Development (Northern Ireland)
Contains data on Income Support claimants at electoral ward level.
Geographical Data on Jobseekers Allowance in Northern Ireland
Department: Social Development (Northern Ireland)
Contains data on Jobseekers Allowance claimants at electoral ward level.
Geographical Data on Pension Credit in Northern Ireland
Department: Social Development (Northern Ireland)
Contains data on Pension Credit claimants at electoral ward level.
Geographical Data on Persons of Pensionable Age on Key Benefits in Northern Ireland
Department: Social Development (Northern Ireland)
Contains data on persons of pensionable age on key benefits at electoral ward level.
Geographical Data on Retirement Pension in Northern Ireland
Department: Social Development (Northern Ireland)
Contains data on Retirement Pension claimants at electoral ward level.
Geographical Data on Severe Disablement Allowance in Northern Ireland
Department: Social Development (Northern Ireland)
Contains data on Severe Disablement Allowance claimants at electoral ward level.
Get Britain Working Measures
Department: Work and Pensions
This publication covers statistics on the following Get Britain Working Measures: work experience, New Enterprise Allowance and sector-based work academies.
Great Britain New Enterprise Allowance Quarterly Official Statistics
Department: Work and Pensions
This publication provides the following official statistics on New Enterprise Allowance for the period April 2011 onwards
Housing Benefit & Council Tax Benefit Summary Statistics
Department: Work and Pensions
Statistics on Housing Benefit and Council Tax Benefit Claimants
Housing Benefit / Council Tax Benefit Speed of Processing
Department: Work and Pensions
Statistics on the average number of days to process (i) new (ii) change of circumstances of HB / CTB claims. Note: Prior to Oct 2011 this was named HB/CTB Right Time Indicator.
Housing Benefit Recoveries and Fraud
Department: Work and Pensions
Quarterly National Statistics relating to housing benefit overpayments and fraud
Housing Benefit Speed of Processing
Department: Work and Pensions
Statistics on the average number of days to process (i) new (ii) change of circumstances of HB / CTB claims. Note: Prior to Oct 2011 this was named HB/CTB Right Time Indicator.
Housing Benefit and Council Tax Benefit Right Time Indicator
Department: Work and Pensions
Statistics on the average number of days to process (i) new (ii) change of circumstances of HB / CTB claims
In Work Credit
Department: Work and Pensions
Quarterly statistics on the take-up of In Work Credit (IWC), a financial incentive available to lone parents moving into work.
Income Related Benefits: Estimates of Take-up
Department: Work and Pensions
Latest estimates of take-up of income-related benefits for Great Britain covering: Income Support, Pension Credit, Housing Benefit, Council Tax Benefit and income-based Jobseeker's Allowance.
Income Support (Northern Ireland)
Department: Social Development (Northern Ireland)
Presents data from the Income Support (IS) Quarterly Statistical Enquiry, shows the key features of the IS population and how they compare with claimants in earlier periods, provides a summary of IS features and how they affect numbers of recipients and amounts of benefit in payment.
Income Support Lone Parent Regime
Department: Work and Pensions
Quarterly statistics on the number of Work Focused Interviews attended by, and number of sanctions applied to, Income Support Lone Parent claimants.
JSA and ESA Sanctions
Department: Work and Pensions
Statistics relating to the number of sanction decisions for JSA and ESA
Jobcentre Plus Pathways to Work Official Statistics
Department: Work and Pensions
Quarterly statistics on the number of programme starts and job entries for Jobcentre Plus Pathways to Work. Includes data on elements of Choices.
Jobseekers Allowance (Northern Ireland)
Department: Social Development (Northern Ireland)
Presents data from the Jobseekers Allowance (JSA) Quarterly Statistical Enquiry, shows the key features of the JSA population and how they compare with earlier periods, provides a summary of the main features of JSA and how they affect numbers of recipients and amounts of benefit in payment.
Life Opportunities Survey
Department: Work and Pensions
Comparison of how disabled and non-disabled people participate in society in a number of life areas and the reasons why people do not take part in these areas as much as they would like to.
Lone Parent Claimants of Jobseekers Allowance
Department: Work and Pensions
A lone parent breakdown of the Office for National Statistics Jobseeker's Allowance Claimant Count statistics. This is in response to the changes to the eligibility rules for Income Support introduced in November 2008
Mandatory Programmes
Department: Work and Pensions
This publication covers statistics on the following Mandatory Programmes - Mandatory Work Activity and Skills Conditionality.
National Insurance Contributions and Qualifying Years
Department: Work and Pensions
This release provides the latest estimates on people who have paid National Insurance contributions since 1978/79. The figures show all the contribution types that a person has paid during the year. Therefore the figures are not mutually exclusive and will include an element of double counting if a person has paid a number of contribution types; for example, self employed and employed earner contributions. A person may pay a number of types of contribution at any one time, particularly if the person has a number of employments in the year, either running consecutively or concurrently.
National Insurance and Qualifying Years
Department: Work and Pensions
This release provides the latest estimates on people who have paid National Insurance contributions since 1978/79. The figures show all the contribution types that a person has paid during the year. Therefore the figures are not mutually exclusive and will include an element of double counting if a person has paid a number of contribution types; for example, self employed and employed earner contributions. A person may pay a number of types of contribution at any one time, particularly if the person has a number of employments in the year, either running consecutively or concurrently.
New Enterprise Allowance official statistics
Department: Work and Pensions
This publication provides the following official statistics on New Enterprise Allowance for the period April 2011 to August 2013
Northern Ireland Attendance Allowance Summary Statistics
Department: Social Development (Northern Ireland)
Presents data from the Attendance Allowance (AA) Quarterly Statistical Enquiry, shows the key features of the AA population, provides a summary of the main features of AA and how they affect numbers of recipients and amounts of benefit in payment.
Northern Ireland Benefits Statistics Summary
Department: Social Development (Northern Ireland)
The NI Benefit Statistics Summary is produced each quarterly. The Summary provides an up to date and concise overview of the main benefits administered by the Social Security Agency: Jobseeker’s Allowance, Employment & Support Allowance, Incapacity Benefit and Severe Disablement Allowance, Income Support, State Pension, Pension Credit, Disability Living Allowance, Attendance Allowance, Carer’s Allowance.
Northern Ireland Carer's Allowance Summary Statistics
Department: Social Development (Northern Ireland)
Presents data from the Carer's Allowance (CA) Quarterly Statistical Enquiry, shows the key features of the CA population, provides a summary of the main features of CA and how they affect numbers of recipients and amounts of benefit in payment.
Northern Ireland Client Group Analysis
Department: Social Development (Northern Ireland)
Analysis of administrative data for persons of Working Age and their children and persons over State Pension Age in Northern Ireland.
Northern Ireland Disability Living Allowance Summary Statistics
Department: Social Development (Northern Ireland)
Presents data from the Disability Living Allowance (DLA) Quarterly Statistical Enquiry, shows the key features of the DLA population, provides a summary of the main features of DLA and how they affect numbers of recipients and amounts of benefit in payment.
Northern Ireland Incapacity Benefit and Severe Disablement Allowance Summary Statistics
Department: Social Development (Northern Ireland)
Presents data from the Incapacity Benefit (IB) and Severe Disablement Allowance (SDA) Quarterly Statistical Enquiry, shows the key features of the IB and SDA population, provides a summary of the main features of IB and SDA and how they affect numbers of recipients and amounts of benefit in payment.
Northern Ireland State Pension Summary Statistics
Department: Social Development (Northern Ireland)
Presents data from the State Retirement Pension (RP) Quarterly Statistical Enquiry, shows the key features of the RP population, provides a summary of the main features of RP and how they affect numbers of recipients and amounts of benefit in payment.
Northern Ireland Summary of Social Security Statistics
Department: Social Development (Northern Ireland)
Provides a single source of information on claimants of all social security benefits, contains information of individual benefits as well as information from the Client Group Analysis.
Pension Credit (Northern Ireland)
Department: Social Development (Northern Ireland)
Presents data from the Pension Credit (PC) Quarterly Statistical Enquiry, shows the key features of the PC population, provides a summary of the main features of PC and how they affect numbers of recipients and amounts of benefit in payment.
Pension provision: NI contributions, qualifying years and second tier pensions
Department: Work and Pensions
The release provides the latest estimates on people who have paid National Insurance contributions since 1978/79. The figures show all the contribution types paid by a person during the year and are not mutually exclusive: they will include an element of double counting if a person has paid a number of contribution types (e.g. self employed and employed earner contributions). This was previously known as ‘National Insurance Contributions and qualifying years and Second Tier Pension Provision'
Poverty and Social Exclusion in the UK and EU
Department: Office for National Statistics
Compares the at-risk-of-poverty and social exclusion rates for the UK and EU between 2005 and 2011.
Pre-Work Programme Employment Support Measures
Department: Work and Pensions
In addition to Work Programme, a new range of employment support will be introduced including Get Britain Working measures (Work Together, Work Clubs, New Enterprise Allowance, Sector-based work academies), Mandatory Work Activity and Skills Conditionality.
Provider Led Pathways to Work Official Statistics
Department: Work and Pensions
Quarterly statistics on the number of programme starts and job entries for Provider-Led Pathways to Work. NOTE: CHANGES TO PUBLICATION FROM JULY 2010 ONWARDS. In response to user feedback, there will be a number of changes to this publication. These will be included in the July 2010 and subsequent editions. Further details are available at http://statistics.dwp.gov.uk/asd/workingage/ib_ref_p2w.asp
Regional Snapshot
Department: Office for National Statistics
Provides access to a wide range of information in different areas of the UK
Regional Trends
Department: Office for National Statistics
Regional Trends is a comprehensive regular source of official statistics for the Statistical Regions of the UK (Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and the Government Office Regions within England). It includes a wide range of demographic, social, industrial and economic statistics, covering aspects of life in the regions.
Regional Trends Online Tables
Department: Office for National Statistics
Regional Trends Online Tables is a comprehensive regular source of official statistics for the Statistical Regions of the UK (Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and the Government Office Regions within England). It includes a wide range of demographic, social, industrial, and economic statistics, covering aspects of life in the regions.
Scottish Welfare Fund Statistics
Department: Scottish Government
Summary pending
Second Tier Pension Provision
Department: Work and Pensions
Second Tier Pension Provision provides the latest estimates on contracted out pension scheme and SERPS/S2P membership since the introduction of contracted out schemes in 1978/79 published by the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP).
Six Month Offer Stats
Department: Work and Pensions
Take up of Recruitment Subsidy, Self Employment Credit, Work Focused Training and Volunteering initiatives introduced in April 2009 as part of the Government's response to the economic downturn. From January 2011, this has included numbers on completions of Work Focused Training for England.
Tax Benefit Model Tables
Department: Work and Pensions
Tables showing the interaction of tax, National Insurance, benefits and tax credits for a variety of hypothetical family types.
Urban Rural Reports (Northern Ireland)
Department: Social Development (Northern Ireland)
Looks at data from the Family Resources Survey classified by urban/rural regions.
Winter Fuel Payments
Department: Work and Pensions
Statistics on Winter Fuel Payments made to customers in GB and the EEA. Data is published with the relevant edition of the Statistical Summary.
Winter Fuel Payments made to individuals living in EEA countries
Department: Work and Pensions
Statistics on Winter Fuel Payments made to customers (who qualified before leaving the UK) living in European Economic Area (EEA) and Switzerland by country. Data from 2002/3 to 2009/2010 will published as official statistics for the first time on 18th May 2011. Future data will published alongside the main WFP data in the relevant edition of the Quarterly Statistical Summary.
Work Choice Official Statistics
Department: Work and Pensions
Work Choice is a specialist disability employment programme which provides employment support to clients who, by reason of disability, cannot be supported through mainstream employment programmes. It was introduced in October 2010, replacing three previous programmes: WORKSTEP, Work Preparation and the Job Introduction Scheme. This publication provides quarterly statistics on the number of Work Choice referrals, starts and outcomes.
Work Programme : Number of Referrals and Attachments to the Work Programme
Department: Work and Pensions
Statistics to show the number of referrals and attachments to the Work Programme. Please note: These statistics are no longer published under this title, please see 'Work Programme - Official Statistics'.
Work Programme Official Statistics
Department: Work and Pensions
Statistics to show the number of referrals, attachments, job outcomes & sustainment paymens to the Work Programme. Please note: These statistics were previously released under Work Programme: Number of Referrals and Attachments to the Work Programme, Outcome Statistics, Initial analysis of participants who attached to the Work Programme and analysis of benefit status of participants.
Work Programme – Outcome Statistics
Department: Work and Pensions
Statistics to show the number of job outcomes and sustainment payments paid to providers through the Work Programme. Please note: These statistics are no longer published under this title, please see 'Work Programme - Official Statistics'.
Work Programme – analysis of benefit status of participants
Department: Work and Pensions
Statistics to show the benefit status of Work Programme participants. Please note: These statistics are no longer published under this title, please see 'Work Programme - Official Statistics'.
Young Person’s Guarantee: Future Jobs Fund
Department: Work and Pensions
Take up of the Future Jobs Fund, Community Task Force, Work Focused Training, and Routes into Work - Pre Employment Training of the Young Person's Guarantee. From April 2011, a separate annexe on FJF participant outcomes has been published alongside the established YPG publication. From July 2011, this annexe will include Regional level statistics on FJF participant outcomes.
Youth Contract Official Statistics
Department: Work and Pensions
This publication contains official statistics on Youth Contract work experience and sector-based work academies up to and including November 2013. It also includes experimental statistics and management information on Youth Contract wage incentive.

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Overview

Central government, local authorities and private bodies (such as voluntary organisations) all provide help and support. This may be provided through direct cash payments such as social security benefits or pensions; payments in kind, such as free prescriptions; or the provision of services such as the National Health Service.

Social protection policies can also be used to reduce poverty and wealth gaps through the provision of services and means tested benefits and payments such as tax credits to low earners and assistance with childcare.

The main providers of cash benefits are the Department for Work and Pensions who administer unemployment and disability benefits and Revenue and Customs who administer Child Benefit and tax credits.

Organisations such as the Department of Health, Department for Education, the devolved administrations in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland and local authorities also provide a range of social protection measures ranging from equipment and house adaptations for the elderly or disabled and support services to both carers and those being cared for. They also provide care for the elderly, disabled or children identified as being at risk.

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Technical Data

The Family Resources Survey collects information on the incomes and circumstances of private households in the UK (or Great Britain before 2002-03). The survey is sponsored by the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP). Whilst it was designed with their needs specifically in mind, it contains information that will be of interest to researchers and analysts from a wide range of disciplines in both the public and private sectors. The survey is run annually and the results can be found on the DWP website. Latest results data from past surveys can also be accessed there.

The Income Related Benefits: Estimates of Take-up publication contains information on the take-up of the main income-related benefits in Great Britain: Income Support, Pension Credit, Housing Benefit, Council Tax Benefit and Jobseeker’s Allowance (Income-Based). The report brings together information from DWP/Local Authority benefit records and the Family Resources Survey to provide estimates of take-up among the private household population in Great Britain.

The Fraud and Error in the Benefit System publication gives estimates of the level of fraud and error in benefits administered by DWP and local authorities.

The Quarterly Statistical Summary provides the latest National Statistics on the caseloads for benefit claimants, employment programmes, labour market decisions and vacancies administered by the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP).

The Abstract of Statistics is an annual reference publication produced by DWP. The purpose of the publication is to provide a long time series of the main benefit rates, National Insurance Contributions and indices of prices and earnings.

The Tax Benefit Model Tables are designed to illustrate the weekly financial circumstances of a selection of hypothetical family types in local authority and privately rented accommodation. The tables are produced from a spreadsheet-based model, which calculates the interaction between income tax, National Insurance, tax credits and certain working-age benefits.

The Second Tier Pension Provision provides estimates of people in contracted-out pension.

scheme memberships and State Earnings Related Pension Scheme/ State Second Pension memberships since people were first permitted to contract-out in 1978/79. The publication includes analyses by earnings while in the scheme, age, gender, duration of membership, and the number of people with second tier cover.

National Insurance Contributions and Qualifying Years provides estimates on people who have paid National Insurance contributions since 1978/79. The publication includes analyses by type of contributions, age, gender, the number of people gaining a qualifying year and the percentage entitlement to a Basic State Pension.

The General LiFestyle Survey (GLF), formerly known as the General Household Survey (GHS), is a multi-purpose continuous survey carried out by ONS collecting information on a range of topics from people living in private households in Great Britain.

The survey has run continuously since 1971, except for breaks in 1997/98 (when the survey was reviewed) and 1999/2000 when the survey was re-developed.

The GLF is a module of the Integrated Household Survey (IHS).

The Integrated Household Survey (IHS) is a composite household survey combining the answers from a number of Office for National Statistics (ONS) household surveys to produce an experimental dataset of core variables.

The aim of the IHS is to produce high-level estimates for particular themes to a higher precision and lower geographic level than current ONS household surveys. Current modules of the IHS are: General Lifestyle Survey (GLF), Living Cost and Food Survey (LCF), English Housing Survey (EHS), Annual Population Survey (APS) and Life Opportunities Survey (LOS).

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Glossary

  • Accommodation

    Shelter and board provided to destitute or vulnerable people, where these services cannot be classified under another function. This may be short term in reception centres, shelters and others, or on a more regular basis in special institutions, boarding houses, reception families, and other temporary accommodation.

  • Attendance Allowance

    Attendance Allowance, sometimes referred to as AA, is a tax-free benefit for people aged 65 or over who need help with personal care because they are physically or mentally disabled. It is not normally affected by savings or income of the claimant. There are two rates of payment, higher or lower, depending on the level of disability. Those aged under 65 may qualify for disability living allowance.

  • Benefit Unit

    A benefit unit is a single adult or couple living as married and any dependent children, where the head is below state pension age (60 for women and 65 for men). A pensioner benefit unit is a single person over state pension age or a couple where one or both adults are over state pension age.

  • Care homes

    Care homes can be run by local councils, private businesses or not-for-profit companies. They are intended for people who can no longer manage in their own home. Services available at a care home include: meals and accommodation; help with personal care like bathing and dressing; staff available 24 hours a day; and physical and emotional care and care through short illnesses.

  • Carers Allowance

    Carer's Allowance is a taxable benefit to help people who look after someone who is disabled. The carer does not have to be related to, or live with, the person being cared for.

  • Child Benefits

    Child Benefit is paid to those responsible for children or qualifying young people. The latter includes:a person under the age of 19 in full-time non-advanced education or on certain approved vocational training programmes; a person who is aged 19 who began their course of full-time, non-advanced education or approved training before reaching age 19; and a person aged 16 or 17 who has left education and training who is registered with the Careers service and is awaiting a placement in employment or training for the limited period of up to 20 weeks from the date they left education or training. Entitlement in all cases ceases when a person reaches the age of 20.

  • Child Tax Credits (CTC)

    CTC provides support to families for the children (up to the 31 August after their 16th birthdays) and the ‘qualifying’ young people (in full-time non-advanced education until their 19th birthdays) for which they are responsible. It is paid in addition to Child Benefit.

  • Crisis Loans

    This is a tax-free loan. No interest is charged but it does have to be repaid. The Department for Work and Pensions will award a loan if there is no other form of help available to a claimant. Anyone can apply for a loan regardless of whether they are on benefits or not.

  • Disability Living Allowance (DLA)

    This is a tax-free benefit for people aged under  65 who need help with personal care because they are physically or mentally disabled. It is not normally affected by savings or income of the claimant. There are two components to the payment, a care component for those who need looking after or supervisions and a mobility component for those who can not walk or need help getting around. Those aged 65 and over may qualify for disability living allowance. Some people may be entitled to just one component, others may qualify for both.  They are paid at different rates depending on the effect of the disability on the individual.

  • Employment and Support Allowance

    Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) replaced Incapacity Benefit (IB) and Income Support (IS) from 27 October 2008. Those already in receipt of IB continue to get it as long as they are eligible. ESA offers personalised support and financial help, allowing claimants to do appropriate work, if they are able to. It gives access to a specially trained personal adviser and further services including employment, training and condition management support, to help claimants manage and cope with illness or disability at work. ESA involves a new medical assessment called the Work Capability Assessment. It assesses what claimants can do, rather than what they cannot

  • Family Credit/Working Families Tax Credit

    Working Families Tax Credit (WFTC) replaced Family Credit from 5 Oct 1999. FC was, and WFTC is, available to families with at least one adult in remunerative work for at least 16 hours per week and who is responsible for at least one child under 16 (under 19 if in full time education up to A-level or equivalent standard). The rate of payment depends on the number of such children and expenditure incurred on eligible childcare. It is also higher if the worker works for at least 30 hours per week, or if there are disabled children or severely disabled adults in the family. The benefit is income-related. For further details go to:www.hmrc.gov.uk.

  • Guardian’s Allowance

    Guardian's Allowance is an additional allowance for people bringing up a child because one or both of their parents has died. They must be getting Child Benefit (CB) for the child. This benefit is administered by HM Revenue and Customs.

  • Housing Benefit

    Housing benefit is available to those on low income who need financial help to pay for all, or part of their rent. Housing benefit is not available to those who: have savings of over £16,000, unless they are aged 60 or over and getting  Pension Credit; live in the home of a close relative; are full-time students (unless they are disabled or have children); are asylum seekers or are sponsored to be in the UK.For claimants living with a partner or civil partner only one claim can be made. Those under 25 and single can only claim for bed-sit accommodation or a room in shared accommodation. Those renting from a private landlord are eligible for Local housing allowance instead.

  • Incapacity Benefit

    Incapacity Benefit is paid to those incapable of work because of illness or disablement and who have satisfied the conditions regarding payment of National Insurance contributions. The self-employed, employees excluded from the Statutory Sick Pay (SSP) scheme, or those whose  SSP has expired before the 28 week limit and are still sick, can claim benefit.

  • Income support

    Periodic payments to people with insufficient resources. Conditions for entitlement may be related to personal resources and to nationality, residence, age, availability for work and family status. The benefit may be paid for a limited or an unlimited period. It may be paid to the individual or to the family, and be provided by central or local government.

  • Jobseeker’s Allowance

    Jobseeker’s Allowance (JSA) replaced Unemployment Benefit and Income Support for unemployed claimants on 7 Oct 1996. It is a unified benefit with two routes of entry: contribution-based, which depends mainly upon National Insurance contributions, and income-based, which depends mainly upon a means test. Some claimants can qualify by either route. In practice they receive income-based JSA but have an underlying entitlement to the contribution-based element.

  • Local Housing Allowance (LHA)

    Based on where the tenant lives, number of occupiers in the property and household size. LHA ensures that tenants in similar circumstances in the same area receive the same financial support for housing costs. Entitlement is means-tested and requires proof of a tenancy agreement.LHA rates are calculated monthly for individual (Broad Market Rental) areas. The amount payable is based on the 'middle of the range' rental figure for the property area/property size. Property rent below the LHA rate upto £15 pw may be kept and will not normally affect other benefits. If it is higher, claimants will have to pay the difference or seek alternative housing within LHA rates.

  • Looked after children

    Children who are in the care of local authorities. These are one of the most vulnerable groups in society. The majority of children who remain in care are there because they have suffered abuse or neglect or are regarded as being at risk of harm. At any one time around 60,000 children are looked after in England, although some 90,000 pass through the care system in any year. The term ‘children in care’ includes: all children being looked after by a local authority; those subject to a care order under section 31 of the Children Act 1989, and those looked after on a voluntary basis through an agreement with their parents under section 20 of that Act.

  • National Health Service

    The National Health Service (NHS) was established in 1948 and provides health services, free at the point of entry to all eligible citizens. The NHS is structured in primary and secondary care providers. Primary care providers include general practitioners, pharmacists, dentists and midwives. These services are managed via Primary Care Trusts (PCTs) throughout the country. Secondary care providers include general hospitals and accident and emergency units, they can be managed either via a PCT or an NHS foundation trust.

  • Occupational pension scheme

    An arrangement (other than accident or permanent health insurance) organised by an employer (or on behalf of a group of employers) to provide benefits for employees on their retirement and for their dependants on their death.

  • Other benefits in kind

    Basic services and goods to help vulnerable people, such as counselling, day shelter, help with carrying out daily tasks, food, clothing and fuel. Means-tested legal aid is also included.

  • Other cash benefits

    Support for destitute or vulnerable people to help alleviate poverty or assist in difficult situations. These benefits may be paid by private non-profit organisations.

  • Pension schemes

    A pension scheme is a plan offering benefits to members upon retirement. Schemes are provided by the state, employers and insurance firms, and are differentiated by a wide range of rules governing membership eligibility, contributions, benefits and taxation.

  • Personal pension scheme

    A scheme where the contract to provide contributions in return for retirement benefits is between an individual and an insurance firm, rather than between an individual and an employer or the state. Individuals may choose to join such schemes, for example, to provide a primary source of retirement income for the self-employed, or to provide a secondary income to employees who are members of occupational schemes. These schemes may be facilitated (but not provided) by an employer.

  • Rehabilitation of alcohol and drug abusers

    Treatment of alcohol and drug dependency aimed at reconstructing the social life of the abusers, making them able to live an independent life. The treatment is usually provided in reception centres or special institutions.

  • Stakeholder pension scheme

    Available since 2001, a flexible, portable, defined-contribution personal pension arrangement (provided by insurance companies with capped management charges) that must meet the conditions set out in the Welfare Reform and Pensions Act 1999 and be registered with the Pensions Regulator. They can be taken out by an individual or facilitated by an employer. Where an employer of five or more staff offers no occupational pension and an employee earns more than the lower earnings limit (the entrance level for paying tax), the provision of access to a stakeholder scheme with contributions deducted from payroll is compulsory.

  • Statutory Sick Pay

    Since 6 April 1983, most people working for an employer and paying National Insurance contributions as employed persons receive Statutory Sick Pay (SSP) from their employer when they are off work sick. SSP was payable for a maximum of eight weeks until 5 April 1986, and 28 weeks thereafter.

  • Vaccine Damage Payment

    If a severe disability was the result of a vaccination against certain diseases, a Vaccine Damage Payment, a one-off tax-free payment of £120,000 may be payable. The following are a list of the relevant vaccinations: diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), Poliomyelitis, measles, mumps, rubella (German measles), tuberculosis (TB), haemophilus influenzae type B (HIB), meningococcal group C (meningitis C), pneumococcal infection, human papillomavirus, smallpox  (up to 1 August 1971).

  • Widow’s Benefit and Bereavement Benefit

    Widow’s Benefit is payable to women widowed on or after 11 April 1988 and up to and including 8 April 2001. There are three types of Widow’s Benefits: Widow’s Payment, Widowed Mother’s Allowance and Widow’s Pension. Women widowed before 11 April 1988 continue to receive Widow’s Benefit based on the rules that existed before that date. Bereavement Benefit was introduced on 9 April 2001 as a replacement of Widow’s Benefit, payable to both men and women widowed on or after 9 April 2001. There are three types of Bereavement Benefits available: Bereavement Payment, Widowed Parent’s Allowance and Bereavement Allowance.

  • Working Tax Credits (WTC)

    WTC tops up the earnings of families on low or moderate incomes. People working for at least 16 hours a week can claim it if they: (a) are responsible for at least one child or qualifying young person, (b) have a disability which puts them at a disadvantage in getting a job, or (c) in the first year of work, having returned to work aged at least 50 after a period of at least six months receiving out-of-work benefits. Other adults also qualify if they are aged at least 25 and work for at least 30 hours a week.

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Contact Details

For statistical enquiries about this topic, please contact:

Core Table Unit

Email: social.protection@ons.gsi.gov.uk

Telephone: +44 (0) 1633 45 5851

Room 2.101 Office for National Statistics Government Buildings Cardiff Road Newport NP10 8XG

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