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Neighbourhood and community statistics cover a variety of issues affecting the local area, including deprivation, community wellbeing, census data and the physical environment. Citizen perspectives play an important part in assigning resources to improve aspects of a community.

Publications

Citizenship Survey: Community Action Topic Report
Department: Communities and Local Government
This report looks at civic engagement, volunteering and charitable giving using findings from Citizenship Survey. This report has been re-packaged from previous years, and includes similar topic areas to the Volunteering and Charitable Giving Topic Report and Empowered Communities Topic Report published in previous years.
Citizenship Survey: Community Cohesion Topic Report
Department: Communities and Local Government
This report examines attitudes towards local neighbourhoods and the local area, community cohesion, social networks, and people’s interactions with people from different backgrounds using findings from the Citizenship Survey.
Citizenship Survey: Community Spirit Topic Report
Department: Communities and Local Government
This report looks at people's views of their communities, their neighbourhoods, and their local areas using findings from the Citizenship Survey. This report has been re-packaged from previous years, and includes similar topic areas to the Community Cohesion Topic Report published in previous years.
Citizenship Survey: Empowered Communities Topic Report
Department: Communities and Local Government
This report looks at the extent to which people actually participate in and influence local or national conditions and decisions and the extent to which they feel able to influence decision making using findings from the Citizenship Survey.
Citizenship Survey: Identity and Values Topic Report
Department: Communities and Local Government
This report examines attitudes to immigration, values, identity and sense of belonging to Britain using findings from the Citizenship Survey.
Citizenship Survey: Race, Religion and Equalities Topic Report
Department: Communities and Local Government
This report explores views about racial and religious prejudice, perceptions of racial discrimination by public service organisations, and experiences of religious and employment-related discrimination using findings from the Citizenship Survey.
Citizenship Survey: Technical Report
Department: Communities and Local Government
This report describes the methodology of the Citizenship Survey.
Citizenship Survey: Volunteering and Charitable Giving Topic Report
Department: Communities and Local Government
This report looks at people's involvement in volunteering activities and charitable giving using findings from the Citizenship Survey.
Communities First in Wales
Department: Welsh Government
Communities First is a community focussed programme that supports the Welsh Government’s Tackling Poverty agenda.
Community Life Survey
Department: Cabinet Office
The Community Life Survey is designed to track the latest trends and developments across areas key to encouraging social action and empowering communities. Topics covered include social action, community engagement and charitable giving.
Continuous Household Survey Bulletin
Department: Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency
The Bulletin provides summary information as well as some trend data from previous years. It includes information on - smoking, household composition, debt, internet access, health, sport and leisure, environmental issues, mobile phones and job applications.
Count of Gypsy and Traveller Caravans
Department: Communities and Local Government
The bi-annual Count of Gypsy and Traveller Caravans takes place twice a year and records the number of caravans on both authorised and unauthorised sites across England.
Count of Traveller Caravans
Department: Communities and Local Government
The bi-annual Count Traveller Caravans takes place twice a year and records the number of caravans on both authorised and unauthorised sites across England.
Data for the Areas Identified in the Wales Spatial Plan
Department: Welsh Government
This statistical bulletin presents separate profiles for each of the six areas identified in the Wales Spatial Plan, summarising the key features of each area from a statistical perspective.
English Indices of Deprivation
Department: Communities and Local Government
The English Indices of Deprivation is a measure of multiple deprivation at the small area level.
Gypsy and Traveller Caravan Count
Department: Welsh Government
This Statistical Release presents information on the number of Gypsy and Traveller caravans in Wales on both authorised and unauthorised sites. It also provides information on the pitches available on Gypsy sites provided by local authorities.
Labour Force Survey Religion Report
Department: Office of the First and Deputy First Minister
To compare Roman Catholic and Protestant labour market outcomes.
Local Enterprise Partnership Profiles
Department: Office for National Statistics
The Local Enterprise Partnership Profiles aim to help Local Enterprise Partnerships use official statistics to better understand the economic, social and environmental picture for the local authority areas covered by LEPs. The LEP Profiles are available from the Neighbourhood Statistics website
Northern Ireland Multiple Deprivation Measure 2010
Department: Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency
NISRA have commenced work on updating the Northern Ireland Multiple Deprivation Measure 2005.
Region and Country Profiles
Department: Office for National Statistics
Region and Country Profiles provides a source of essential statistics for the regions of England and the constituent countries of the UK (Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland). The tables provide a wide range of demographic, social, environmental and economic statistics to compare the countries, regions and local authority areas. A series of profiles in words and images give key facts and figures about life and the economy in each of the regions and countries.
Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation
Department: Scottish Government
The Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation identifies small area concentrations of multiple deprivation across Scotland. The 2009 publication is an update to SIMD 2006 and will enable change over time analysis.
Scottish Neighbourhood Statistics
Department: Scottish Government
Broad range of small area socio-economic statistics.
Sustainable Development indicators
Department: Office for National Statistics
These indicators provide an overview of progress toward a sustainable economy, society and environment. Published alongside the headline and supplementary indicators are assessments of change, both short and long term.
Urban Rural Reports (Northern Ireland)
Department: Social Development (Northern Ireland)
Looks at data from the Family Resources Survey classified by urban/rural regions.
Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation
Department: Welsh Government
The official measure of deprivation in small areas in Wales. It is a relative measure of concentrations of deprivation at the small area level.
Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation Local Authority Analysis
Department: Welsh Government
The Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation (WIMD) is the official measure of deprivation for small areas in Wales.
Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation Summary
Department: Welsh Government
The Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation (WIMD) is the official measure of deprivation for small areas in Wales.
Youth Work in Wales
Department: Welsh Government
An annual report which includes information on registered members, accreditation, projects, workforce and finance.

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Overview

The local government White Paper 'Strong and Prosperous Communities', recommended a new focus, on improving outcomes for local people and places instead of the processes, institutions and inputs. The paper addresses the challenges faced within local communities, such as the fact that problems are often too complex and area-specific to be dealt with by central Government.

The neighbourhood statistics are available to Output Areas (OAs) and Super Output Areas (SOAs) over a wide range of topics meaning local data are available for: 

  • community wellbeing

  • crime and safety

  • education, skills and training

  • indices of deprivation

  • people and society

  • physical environment

The data can provide information for collections such as the new National Indicator Set and the Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD). The IMD is used to give an idea of conditions within a community, highlighting any areas of deprivation allowing for targeted policies to be set up to aid in the allocation of effective funding.

Citizen perspectives are important when dealing with local issues, such as deprivation, to help ensure that solutions are targeted to meet the needs of the local people. The new Place Survey looks at capturing peoples' views about their local community in line with the recommendations from the local government White Paper.

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Technical Data

Neighbourhood Statistics

Neighbourhood statistics give a valuable insight into the social conditions within a local area. Data are freely available for people to find on the neighbourhood statistics area of the Office for National Statistics (ONS) website.

The site allows people to look at the data down to the Super Output Area (SOA) level allowing for targeted responses to local issues. Partners, involved in neighbourhood renewal and improvement, can then identify problem areas and respond accordingly at a local level.

Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD)

The IMD is a measure of multiple deprivations at the small area level. It breaks the areas down to the Lower Super Output Area Level (LSOA) and combines indicators from economic, social and housing issues into a single deprivation score. Seven separate domain scores combine to make the IMD with different weights assigned to each. The weightings used for 2007 are:

  • income (22.5 per cent)

  • employment (22.5 per cent)

  • health deprivation and disability (13.5 per cent)

  • education, skills and training (13.5 per cent)

  • barriers to housing and services (9.3 per cent)

  • crime (9.3 per cent)

  • living environment (9.3 per cent)

The scores are then ranked from 1 to 32,482 with 1 being the most deprived area. These ratings are available for the overall score as well as the separate domains (see Indices of Multiple Deprivation 2007).

Supplementary indices, including the Income Deprivation Affecting Children Index (IDACI) and the Income Deprivation Affecting Older People Index (IDAOPI) measuring income deprivation among children and older people, combine with the IMD to form the Indices of Deprivation (ID) that is used in analysing patterns of deprivation.

This identifies areas that would benefit from special initiatives or programmes aimed at improving the level of deprivation within the local area.

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Glossary

  • Active citizenship

    Citizens taking opportunities to become actively involved in defining and tackling the problem of their communities and improving their quality of life.

  • Active communities

    Communities in which citizens are empowered to lead self-determined, fulfilled lives, and in which everyone regardless of age, race or social background has a sense of belonging and a stake in society.

  • Civic pioneers

    Councils committed to developing and sustaining opportunities for local people and groups in influencing what happens in their communities.

  • Civil renewal

    People and government working together to improving the quality of life.

  • Community

    A specific group of people who have something in common, whether it is people who share a geographical location or people sharing interests.

  • Community capacity building

    Activities, resources and support that strengthen the skills and abilities of people and community groups to take effective action and leading roles in the development of their communities.

  • Community cohesion

    People from different backgrounds should have similar life opportunities. They should know their rights and responsibilities and should trust one another and local institutions to act fairly.

  • Community empowerment

    The development of strong, active and empowered communities, in which people are able to do things for themselves, define the problems they face, and tackle them in partnership with public bodies. It involves three elements: active citizenship, strengthened communities and partnership in meeting public needs.

  • Community engagement

    The process of working with and through groups of people affiliated by geographic proximity, special interest, or similar situations to address issues affecting the wellbeing of those people.

  • Community sector

    The web of personal relationships, groups, networks, traditions and patterns of behaviour that exist among those who share physical neighbourhoods, socio-economic conditions or common understandings and interests. It is the community itself taking action to get things done. The community sector ranges from small informal community groups to large multi-purpose community organisations. Its activities can range from nurseries and playgroups to community centres and village halls, from tenants' associations to environmental groups, from arts and sports groups to credit unions, and from self help groups to scout groups.

  • Core cities

    Eight major English cities who have worked together to establish a vision of the role big cities should play in national and regional life. The eight cities are Birmingham, Bristol, Leeds, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle, Nottingham and Sheffield.

  • Decent home

    A home that meets the Decent Homes Standard. This means housing is in a reasonable state of repair, has reasonably modern facilities and services and provides a reasonable degree of thermal comfort.

  • Deprived area

    These areas are identified by high levels of unemployment and inactivity, poor qualifications and skills, ill-health and a high composition of groups vulnerable to worklessness.

  • Guide neighbourhoods

    These are strong, successful, resident-led neighbourhood organisations who have tackled issues such as crime, poor housing and unemployment in their community. They share their knowledge and experiences with other neighbourhoods trying to tackle similar problems.

  • Local Area Agreement

    A three-year agreement between central government and a local area. The agreement sets out priority issues for local action and what partners will deliver.

  • Lower Super Output Area (LSOA)

    An area defined by a minimum population of 1000; mean 1500. England consists of 32,482 LSOAs.

  • Mutual

    An organisation which raises funds to provide a common service for its members.

  • Neighbourhood renewal

    The process of tackling deprivation and pushing through improvements in an area. It looks at improving outcomes on worklessness, crime, health, education, housing and the physical environment, as well as narrowing the gap between the poorest neighbourhoods in England and the rest of the country.

  • Post Office Small Users Address File (PAF)

    A computerised list, prepared by the Royal Mail, of all the addresses to which mail is directed.

  • Public services

    Services that are partly or wholly funded through taxation. They include national, regional and local government and statutory agencies.Services that are partly or wholly funded through taxation. They include national, regional and local government and statutory agencies.

  • Racial discrimination

    Treating a person less favourably than others on racial grounds, meaning race, colour, nationality or ethnic or national origins.

  • Strengthened communities

    Communities who are able to form and sustain their own organisations, and to bring people together to deal with their common concerns.

  • Sustainable community

    A place that people want to work and live in, both now and in the future. They meet the needs of existing and future residents, are sensitive to their environment, and contribute to a high quality of life. They are safe and inclusive, well-planned, built and run, and offer equality of opportunity and good services for all.

  • Third sector

    Consists of non-governmental organisations that are value driven and which principally reinvest their surpluses to further social, environmental or cultural objectives. It includes voluntary and community organisations, charities, social enterprises, co-operatives, mutuals and housing associations.

  • Violent extremism

    The demonstration of unacceptable behaviour by: using any means or medium to express views which foment, justify or glorify terrorist violence in furtherance of particular beliefs; seeks to provoke others to terrorist acts; foment other serious criminal activity; seeks to provoke others to serious criminal acts or; foster hatred which might lead to inter-community violence in the UK.

  • Voluntary sector

    Groups whose activities are carried out other than for profit but which are not public or local authorities. These organisations would normally be formally constituted and employ paid professionals and administrative staff. They may or may not use volunteer help.

  • Working Neighbourhoods Fund (WNF)

    A fund for local councils and communities to develop more concentrated, concerted, community-led approaches to getting people in the most deprived areas back to work.

  • Worklessness

    Refers to people who are currently not working and are claiming some form of out of work benefit (Jobseeker’s Allowance, Incapacity Benefits or Income Support).

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Contact Details

For statistical enquiries about this topic, please contact:

Ian Rose

Email: ian.rose@communities.gsi.gov.uk

Telephone: +44 (0) 30 3444 1748

4/J1 Eland House Bressenden Place London SW1E 5DU

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