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Specialist services for people with mental health problems are delivered by both public and independent sector organisations. National statistics about some aspects of these services are available. A variety of other published information covers the wider issue of mental health.

Publications

Admission of Patients to Mental Health Facilities
Department: Welsh Government
This Statistical Release contains summary information on patients admitted to mental health facilities in Wales both formally and informally.
Adult Mental Health Benchmarking Toolkit
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
First publication of the Mental Health Benchmarking Toolkit comprising data up to 31st March 2009. The toolkit provides information on a range of indicators to compare key aspects of the Adult Mental Health Service in Scotland.
Adult Psychiatric Morbidity in England
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Provide estimates of mental health problems among adults living in private households in England, to monitor trends in mental health disorders and examine factors that might be associated with mental health and psychological well-being.
Adult Psychiatric Morbidity in England: results of a household survey
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Provide estimates of mental health problems among adults living in private households in England, to monitor trends in mental health disorders and examine factors that might be associated with mental health and psychological well-being.
Attitudes to Mental Illness
Department: Health
A survey of the attitudes towards mental illness among adults in England
Attitudes to Mental Illness
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Issues from attitudes towards people with mental illness; opinions on services for people with mental health problems. Also includes information on descriptions of people with mental illness, relationships with people with mental health problems, personal experience of mental illness, and likelihood of going to a GP with a mental heath problem.
Autism Spectrum Disorders in adults living in households throughout England
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
A Clinical Evaluation of the Diagnosis of Autistic Disorder in the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey - a technical study to help establish methods for studing the epidemiology of autism spectrum disorder including Asperger Syndrome in adults in the community
Bi-annual analysis of Mental Capacity Act 2005, Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards Assessments (England)
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Analysis of Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards data by Local Authority grouping and Strategic Health Authority.
Child & Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) workforce in NHS Scotland
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
Child & Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) workforce in NHS Scotland. As from May 2010 CAMHS can be designated as National Statistics products.
Compendium of Neurology Data
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Compendium of Neurology Data
Establishment of Memory Services
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Results of a suvery which collected information on PCT expenditure on and take-up of dementia services in 2008/9, 2009/10 and 2010/11, as well as plans for future roll-out of these services.
Estimating the Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Conditions in Adults
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Estimating the prevalence of autism in adults, combining the results of the completed Autism Spectrum Disorders follow-up survey with a new survey of people with learning disabilities.
Ethnic Minority Psychiatric Illness Rates
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Presents prevalence rates for common mental disorders among ethnic minorities, broken down by demographic characteristics, use of services and social support structures.
Guardianship under the Mental Health Act, 1983
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Statistics relating to the number of cases of Guardianship under the Mental Health Act 1983 by year and by local authority.
HES-Diagnostic Imaging Dataset Data Linkage Report
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Diagnostic Imaging Dataset to HES Linkage
HES-MHMDS Data Linkage Report
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Summary Statistics based on the linkage betwen HES (Hospital Episode Statistics) and MHMDS (Mental Health Minimum Dataset) at England level.
Improving Access to Psychological Therapies, Key Performance Indicators (IAPT KPIs)
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Analysis of Improving Access to Psychological Therapies data by Primary Care Trust.
In-patients formally detained in hospitals under the Mental Health Act, 1983
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Information on uses of the Mental Health Act (and other relevant legislation) in NHS hospitals, including psychiatric hospitals, and independent hospitals.
Inpatient episode statistics for Scottish psychiatric hospitals
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
Inpatient episode statistics for Scottish psychiatric hospitals
Local Health Profiles
Department: Health
Health profiles for all LA areas presenting a range of indicators and a snapshot of the overall health of the local population. Public Health England is now responsible for the publication of Local Health Profiles.
Local Health Profiles
Department: Public Health England
Health profiles for all LA areas presenting a range of indicators and a snapshot of the overall health of the local population. The Department of Health was previously responsible for the publication of Local Health Profiles.
Mental Capacity Act 2005, Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards Assessments (England)
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Analysis of Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards data by Local Authority grouping and Strategic Health Authority.
Mental Health (Psychiatric) Hospital Activity Statistics
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
Psychiatric hospital activity statistics. Contains information on trends in inpatient activity, including data shown by NHS Board and diagnosis. Statistics on psychiatric readmissions are also published.
Mental Health / Learning Disability Statistics - Northern Ireland
Department: Health, Social Service and Public Safety (Northern Ireland)
This publication presents statistics on mental health and learning disability activity in both an inpatient and outpatient setting in Northern Ireland.
Mental Health Bulletin
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
This bulletin provides statistics on NHS services for people with severe and enduring mental health problems developed from the Mental Health Minimum Dataset (MHMDS) annual returns
Mental Health Bulletin (experimental)
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
This bulletin introduces a set of new, experimental national statistics on NHS services for people with severe and enduring mental health problems.
Mental Health Community Teams Activity
Department: NHS England
Quarterly data on new cases taken on in the year by Early Intervention (EI) in psychosis services, number of patients on Care Programme Approach (CPA) followed up within 7 days of discharge from psychiatric inpatient care, and gate keeping inpatient admissions by Crisis Resolution Home Treatment (CRHT) teams.
Mental Health Community Teams Activity
Department: Health
Quarterly data on new cases taken on in the year by Early Intervention (EI) in psychosis services, number of patients on Care Programme Approach (CPA) followed up within 7 days of discharge from psychiatric inpatient care, and gate keeping inpatient admissions by Crisis Resolution Home Treatment (CRHT) teams.
Mental Health Minimum Dataset (MHMDS) Data Quality (Trust Analysis) Report
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Percentage of key data items categorised as valid, invalid, missing, default or other according to published rules
Mental Health Officers' Report
Department: Scottish Government
The Scottish Social Services Council is an arms-length body of the Scottish Government, and is responsible for the production of this report. This report presents the results of the latest Mental Health Officers' (MHO) Survey to give a picture of the number of practising MHOs in Scotland and the work they carry out.
Mental Health Officers, Scotland
Department: Scottish Government
The Scottish Social Services Council is an arms-length body of the Scottish Government, and is responsible for the production of this report. This report presents the results of the latest Mental Health Officers' (MHO) Survey to give a picture of the number of practising MHOs in Scotland and the work they carry out.
Mental Health Service Performance Indicators
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Quarterly Indicators from the Mental Health Minimum Dataset (MHMDS), developed to support the application of the Department of Health's NHS performance framework to mental health trusts. The first indicators use data from Q4 2008-09.
Mental Health of Adults, England
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Provide estimates of mental health problems among adults living in private households in England, to monitor trends in mental health disorders and examine factors that might be associated with mental health and psychological well-being.
Mental health of children and young people in Great Britain
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Provides estimates of prevalence of the three main categories of mental disorders, examines behaviours and characteristics associated with these disorders and looks in detail at children on the autistic spectrum.
Mental health of young people looked after by Local Authorities in England
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Determines the prevalence of the three main categories of mental disorder, determines the impact and burden of children's mental health problems in terms of social impairment and adverse consequences for others.
Monthly Mental Health Minimum Dataset Reports
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Monthly Mental Health Minimum Dataset Reports - Trust Level
Neighbourhood Statistics: Mental Health – adults accessing NHS specialist mental health services, England
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
The number of adults accessing specialist NHS mental health services by Local Authority by age and gender, calculated from Mental Health Minimum Datasets (MHMDS) annual returns
Patients in Mental Health Hospitals and Units
Department: Welsh Government
Presents summary results from the census of patients in NHS mental health.
Psychiatric Morbidity among Prisoners in England and Wales
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Provides baseline information about the prevalence of psychiatric problems among male and female, remand and sentenced prisoners and examines the use of services and the receipt of care.
Psychological Therapies, Annual Report on the use of IAPT Services
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Annual summary statistics of the Improving Access to Psychological Therapies dataset.
Psychological Therapies, England – Annual report on the use of IAPT services
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Annual summary statistics of the Improving Access to Psychological Therapies dataset.
Psychological Therapies, England’ – Annual report on the use of IAPT services,
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Annual summary statistics of the Improving Access to Psychological Therapies dataset.
Quarterly Improving Access to Psychological Therapies Dataset Reports
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Quarterly Improving Access to Psychological Therapies Dataset Reports
Quarterly analysis of Mental Capacity Act 2005, Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards Assessments (England)
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Analysis of Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards data by Local Authority grouping and Strategic Health Authority.
Routine Monthly Improving Access to Psychological Therapies Data Quality Reports
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Monthly summary statistics of the Improving Access to Psychological Therapies dataset.
Routine Quarterly Improving Access to Psychological Therapies Dataset Reports
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Quarterly summary statistics of the Improving Access to Psychological Therapies dataset.
Routine Quarterly Mental Health Minimum Dataset Reports
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Percentage of key data items categorised as valid, invalid, missing, default or other according to published rules; other quarterly analyses of MHMDS data.
Scottish ECT Accreditation Network Annual Report
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
This report summarises data collected via an electronic care pathway installed in all Scottish ECT treatment clinics for the purpose of measuring performance against clinical standards. Information contained in this report relates to patient characteristics, legal status, diagnoses, details of interventions and clinical outcomes.
Scottish Patients at Risk of Readmission and Admission (Psychiatric hospitals)
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
Scottish Patients at Risk of Readmission and Admission (Psychiatric hospitals)
The mental health of Carers
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Prevalence of the three main categories of mental disorder, impact of caring responsibilities and support, characteristics of cared for person and relationship.

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Overview

Common mental health problems affect many people and the majority of people who seek treatment are looked after in primary care, that is, through their GP practice. 

People with severe and enduring mental health problems may be referred by their GP, or other agency, or refer themselves to National Health Service (NHS) specialist mental health services.

The range of specialist services available includes: care provided in hospitals, through outpatient clinics and through community-based, multidisciplinary teams. Specialist mental health care can also include the compulsory detention of people with a mental disorder in hospital for assessment of treatment (under The Mental Health Act 1983) and may include, on their discharge from hospital, continuing treatment under a Community Treatment Order. There is also a wide range of services provided by the voluntary sector.

Information about some of these services and the people who use them is provided in the following ways:

  • Official statistics from service level data provided by NHS organisations

  • Special collections designed to monitor particular aspects of services, such as uses of the Mental Health Act 1983

  • Surveys designed to measure health problems, attitudes to health or health-related behaviours that focus on mental health issues or include them.

Questions on attitudes to mental illness among adults in England have been asked as part of TNS UK’s face-to-face Omnibus since 1994. The aims of the survey are to monitor public attitudes towards mental illness and to track changes over time.

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Technical Data

Different nations in the UK provide statistics on specialist mental health services in slightly different format, but broadly covering the following areas:

  • National Statistics about people being treated in hospital, or as outpatients, under mental health related specialities or diagnosed with mental health problems are provided through Hospital Episode and Hospital Outpatient Activity statistics – see the Health Care Patients topic in the related topics section. The source data for these statistics are record-level service data provided by the National Health Service (NHS) funded services and the data for admitted patient care go back to 1989. The main unit of recording is the Finished Consultant Episode (a period of admitted patient care under a consultant or allied healthcare professional within an NHS trust). The data also include details of patient age and may include details of diagnosis, treatment and the speciality of the consultant who treated them

  • The annual National Statistics bulletin: Inpatients Formally Detained in Hospitals under the Mental Health Act 1983 provides information about uses of the Mental Health Act, broken down by patient gender. The source data are a well established annual collection of aggregate data from NHS and independent sector mental health service providers registered to take patients detained under the Mental Health Act. The bulletin gives figures for NHS and independent sector providers and provides details about uses of different sections of the Mental Health Act, including section 17a, which provides for the continuing treatment of people detained under the Act who have been discharged hospital under a Community Treatment Order.

  • From October 2008, official statistics from an annual return of service level data from NHS secondary mental health service providers in England have been available. The Mental Health Bulletin provides the most comprehensive data available on the range of services provided by the NHS both in hospital and in the community. The source data is the Mental Health Minimum dataset that has been collected by NHS providers of specialist mental health services since April 2003. The release includes analysis at national and trust level and includes some information broken down by age, gender, ethnic profile and geographic distribution. MHMDS is the source data for the Neighbourhood Statistics dataset: Mental Health – adults accessing NHS specialist mental health services, England, which provides information at Local Authority level.

  • A number of surveys designed to measure health problems or health related behaviours that include mental health topics, such as the prevalence of psychiatric problems in particular populations – see the Lifestyles and Behaviours topic in the related topics section.

  • The Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey is a five yearly survey to estimate the prevalence rates of the main mental disorders of the adults population of Great Britain (aged 16-74). The latest report was published in January 2009.

  • Attitudes to Mental Illness Survey. The first survey was in 1994 and the most recent was undertaken in January 2011 and is due for publication in June 2011. Surveys have been carried out at irregular intervals between these years. Survey Methodology is contained in Appendix 1 to the report.

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Glossary

  • Acute

    In medicine, refers to an intense illness or affliction of abrupt onset.

  • Antipsychotic

    The word antipsychotic is applied to a group of drugs commonly, but not exclusively, used to treat psychosis.

  • BME

    Black and Minority Ethnic.

  • Carer

    A term used to describe someone who provides support to someone with experience of a mental illness. Forms of support include: emotional, financial and practical.

  • CPA

    Care Programme Approach.

  • CSIP

    Care Services Improvement Partnership.

  • Delusion

    When used in medicine this term refers to any disturbance in the function of an organ or body part.

  • Department of Health

    The Department of Health is responsible for driving forward change and modernisation in the NHS and social care, as well as improving standards of public health. The department develops policies, and sets national standards for health care.

  • GP

    General Practitioner.

  • HES

    Health Episodes Statistics.

  • HONOS

    Health of the Nation Outcomes Scale.

  • ICD

    International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems.

  • KH03

    Department of Health annual return covering bed availability and occupancy.

  • KP90

    Annual data collection which provides aggregate source data for the inpatients formally detained in hospitals under the Mental Health Act 1983 annual bulletin.

  • Mental health facilities

    The full range of mental health services from psychiatric hospitals to community based outpatient centres and drop-in day centres.

  • MHA

    Mental Health Act 1983 – covers matters relating to the treatment of mentally disordered people and provides the legislation by which people suffering from a mental disorder can be detained in hospital and have their disorder assessed or treated against their wishes.

  • MHMDS

    Mental Health Minimum Dataset.

  • National Service Framework for Mental Health

    The Department of Health's National Service Framework for Mental Health sets national standards for promoting mental health and treating mental illness.

  • NHS providers

    Trusts that provide specialist mental health services.

  • PCO

    Primary Care Organisation.

  • PCT

    Primary Care Trust.

  • PSA

    Public Service Agreement.

  • Psychosis

    The word psychosis is used to describe a group of conditions that affect the mind and to some extent mean that the person loses contact with reality. A person may experience unusual or distressing perceptions, for example hallucinations and delusions, which may be accompanied by a reduced ability to cope with usual day to day activities and routine. Someone who has these unusual experiences is described as having a psychotic episode.

  • Service user

    A person receiving the services of a health authority or voluntary or independent organisation is called a service user. In this website the term usually refers to someone who is using mental health services.

  • SHA

    Strategic Health Authority.

  • Social exclusion

    People affected by mental illness are one of the most socially excluded groups in society.

  • Special services

    Mental health services.

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Contact Details

For statistical enquiries about this topic, please contact:

The NHS Information Centre of Health and Social Care

Email: Enquiries@ic.nhs.uk

Telephone: +44 (0) 845 300 6016

1 Trevelyan Square Boar Lane Leeds LS1 6AE

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