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This topic covers the lifestyle behaviours and health outcomes of the population. Areas covered include prevalence of smoking, drinking alcohol, drug misuse, obesity, physical activity and diet. Many sources are available including population surveys, hospital episodes statistics and deaths.

Publications

Adults and museums in Northern Ireland
Department: Culture, Arts and Leisure (Northern Ireland)
This annual series of publications provides information on adults aged 16 years and over and their visits to museums.
Adults and sport and physical activity in Northern Ireland
Department: Culture, Arts and Leisure (Northern Ireland)
This annual series of publications provides information on adults aged 16 years and over and their participation in sport and physical activity.
Adults and the arts in Northern Ireland
Department: Culture, Arts and Leisure (Northern Ireland)
This annual series of publications provides information on adults and their engagement with the arts.
Adults and the public library service in Northern Ireland
Department: Culture, Arts and Leisure (Northern Ireland)
This annual series of publications provides information on adults aged 16 years and over and their visits to public libraries and use of the wider library service
Adults with a Psychotic Disorder Living in Private Households
Department: Office for National Statistics
Findings relating to the circumstances of people with psychosis living in the community from a survey of psychiatric morbidity among adults aged 16 to 74 living in private households in Great Britain.
Alcohol Brief Interventions
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
The total number of brief interventions delivered in accordance with the HEAT H4 Alcohol Brief Interventions target. The data is shown by Health Board.
Alcohol Consumption in Black and Minority Ethnic Groups and recent immigrants in Scotland
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
Alcohol Consumption in Black and Minority Ethnic Groups and recent immigrants in Scotland
Alcohol Statistics Scotland
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
Alcohol Statistics Scotland
Alcohol Treatment Statistics NATMS
Department: National Treatment Agency
An alcohol treatment statistical bulletin and commentary presenting key results from the National Drug Treatment Monitoring System (NDTMS) concerning adults in contact with alcohol treatment agencies in England.
Alcohol-related Deaths in the United Kingdom
Department: Office for National Statistics
Alcohol-related deaths in the United Kingdom, England and Wales, and government office regions in England.
Alcohol-related Hospital Statistics
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
Alcohol-related discharges from general acute and psychiatric hospitals and provides an update on data presented in the Alcohol Statistics Scotland publications.
Angling and usage of inland waterways by adults in Northern Ireland: Findings from the Continuous Household Survey (CHS)
Department: Culture, Arts and Leisure (Northern Ireland)
This annual series of publications provides information on adults aged 16 years and over and their participation in angling and usage of inland waterways
Attitudes towards angling by adults in Northern Ireland
Department: Culture, Arts and Leisure (Northern Ireland)
Ad hoc module from the annual Omnibus Survey in Northern Ireland. This module provides information from adults aged 16 years on their views towards angling in Northern Ireland.
Births in Scottish Hospitals
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
Births in Scottish Hospitals
Breastfeeding Statistics
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
Update of breastfeeding rates in Scotland.
Cardiovascular Anticipatory Care Screenings
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
Annual update of inequalities targeted cardiovascular health screening statistics to 31 March, carried out as part of the Keep Well and Well North programmes.
Census of Drug and Alcohol Treatment Services in Northern Ireland
Department: Health, Social Service and Public Safety (Northern Ireland)
This bulletin summarises information collected from statutory and non-statutory drug and alcohol treatment services in Northern Ireland to establish the number of persons in treatment for drug and/or alcohol misuse.
Child Health Profiles
Department: Health
Child Health Profiles provide a snapshot of child health and well-being for each local authority in England using key health indicators, which enable comparison locally, regionally and nationally. Public Health England is now responsible for the publication of Child Health Profiles.
Child Health Profiles
Department: Public Health England
Child Health Profiles provide a snapshot of child health and well-being for each local authority in England using key health indicators, which enable comparison locally, regionally and nationally. The Department of Health was previously responsible for the publication of Child Health Profiles.
Child Health Statistics
Department: Office for National Statistics
Child Health Statistics Pocketbook from National Statistics brings together data to paint a picture of children's health today.
Child Healthy Weight Interventions Statistics
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
Annual update of the number of child healthy weight interventions undertaken by NHS boards. This data is used to monitor HEAT Targets.
Childhood obesity
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
Update of annual statistics on high and low body mass index (BMI) for Primary 1 school children in ten participating NHS Boards in Scotland.
Children and adolescents who try to harm, hurt or kill themselves
Department: Office for National Statistics
Analysis of self-harm reports by parents about their children aged 5-15 and by the children themselves aged 11-15.
Community Life Survey
Department: Cabinet Office
The Community Life Survey is designed to track the latest trends and developments across areas key to encouraging social action and empowering communities. Topics covered include social action, community engagement and charitable giving.
Continuous Household Survey Bulletin
Department: Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency
The Bulletin provides summary information as well as some trend data from previous years. It includes information on - smoking, household composition, debt, internet access, health, sport and leisure, environmental issues, mobile phones and job applications.
Contraception and Sexual Health
Department: Office for National Statistics
Statistics regarding contraceptive use among women aged under 50; women ‘at risk’ of pregnancy; sterilisations and vasectomies; sexual behaviour and condom use; and knowledge of sexually transmitted infections.
Deaths related to drug poisoning
Department: Office for National Statistics
Deaths related to drug poisoning in England and Wales from 1993 onwards, by cause of death, sex, age and substances involved in the death.
Digest of statistics for Salmon and Inland Fisheries in the DCAL jurisdiction
Department: Culture, Arts and Leisure (Northern Ireland)
This annual series of reports include statistics which provide an overview of the Department of Culture, Arts and Leisure (DCAL) fisheries sector in Northern Ireland. It is accompanied by and Excel workbook which includes tables of data. (Not designated as Official statistics as does not cover all of Northern Ireland).
Do smoking rates vary between more and less advantaged areas?
Department: Office for National Statistics
Analysis looking at current smoking rates, for adults over 18 years old, using the 2012 Integrated Household Survey (IHS) and the 2010 Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD 2010).
Drinking: adult's behaviour and knowledge
Department: Office for National Statistics
Results from questions on drinking behaviour and knowledge, included in the Office for National Statistics Omnibus surveys and includes text, data and tables on alcohol consumption, knowledge of units of alcohol and daily benchmarks and where people buy alcohol.
Drug Related Hospital Statistics
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
Drug related hospital and psychiatric discharge statistics. Normally published as part of Drug Misuse Statistics Scotland publication, due to issues with data submissions being published separately.
Drug Treatment Statistics, England
Department: National Treatment Agency
Provisional monthly performance figures for structured drug and alcohol treatment in England. These provisional statistics are produced on behalf of the NTA by the University of Manchester.
Drug Use in Ireland and Northern Ireland Drug Prevalence Survey: Cannabis Results
Department: Health, Social Service and Public Safety (Northern Ireland)
This bulletin provides a comprehensive overview of many different aspects of cannabis use in Ireland and Northern Ireland.
Drug Use in Ireland and Northern Ireland Drug Prevalence Survey: Cocaine Results
Department: Health, Social Service and Public Safety (Northern Ireland)
This bulletin provides a comprehensive overview of many different aspects of cocaine use in Ireland and Northern Ireland.
Drug Use in Ireland and Northern Ireland Drug Prevalence Survey: First Results
Department: Health, Social Service and Public Safety (Northern Ireland)
This bulletin presents key findings from the second drug prevalence survey of households in both Ireland and Northern Ireland.
Drug Use in Ireland and Northern Ireland Drug Prevalence Survey: HSSB Results
Department: Health, Social Service and Public Safety (Northern Ireland)
This bulletin presents key findings at a local level from the second drug prevalence survey of households in both Ireland and Northern Ireland.
Drug Use in Ireland and Northern Ireland Drug Prevalence Survey: Polydrug Use Results
Department: Health, Social Service and Public Safety (Northern Ireland)
This bulletin provides a comprehensive overview of polydrug use in Ireland and Northern Ireland.
Drug Use in Ireland and Northern Ireland Drug Prevalence Survey: Sedatives or Tranquillisers and Anti-Depressants Results
Department: Health, Social Service and Public Safety (Northern Ireland)
This bulletin provides a comprehensive overview of many different aspects of sedative or tranquillisers and anti-depressant use in Ireland and Northern Ireland.
Drug and Alcohol Interventions for Young People
Department: National Treatment Agency
Reports on the prevalence of young people misusing drugs, alcohol and volatile substances.
Drug use, smoking and drinking among young people in England
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Smoking, Drinking and Drugs Use among Young People in England is an annual survey carried out in participating schools across England to provide information on pupils' smoking, drinking and drug use behaviours. The survey focuses on different behaviours in different years, alternating between smoking and drinking one year, to drug use the next.
Drugs Misuse Statistics Scotland
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
This annual publication presents the latest available information from a range of national data sources relevant to drug misuse.
Engagement in Culture, Arts and Leisure by Adults in Northern Ireland
Department: Culture, Arts and Leisure (Northern Ireland)
These annual headline figures provide information on adults aged 16 years and over and sport participation; engagement in the arts; use of the public library service; visits to musums; visits to inland waterways; fishing in Northern Ireland waters; and visits to Public Records Office for Northern Ireland (PRONI)
Experience of Irish culture and heritage by adults in Northern Ireland: Findings from the Continuous Household Survey (CHS)
Department: Culture, Arts and Leisure (Northern Ireland)
This biennial series of publications provides information on adults aged 16 years and over and their experience of Irish culture and heritage.
Factors that influence people to engage in culture and sport in Northern Ireland
Department: Culture, Arts and Leisure (Northern Ireland)
This publication presents findings from the Omnibus Survey in relation to factors that encourage participation in sport; engagement with the arts; visiting libraries and visiting museums.
Focus on Health
Department: Office for National Statistics
Describes the health of people living in the UK across key dimensions: health status, risk factors, ill-health, preventive, curative and long-term care services and mortality.
HES-Diagnostic Imaging Dataset Data Linkage Report
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Diagnostic Imaging Dataset to HES Linkage
HES-MHMDS Data Linkage Report
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Summary Statistics based on the linkage betwen HES (Hospital Episode Statistics) and MHMDS (Mental Health Minimum Dataset) at England level.
Health Profile of England
Department: Health
Provides a collation of national and regional data to provide a baseline against which people can compare data from their own Local Health Profile (LHP).
Health Statistics, Wales
Department: Welsh Government
Contains a wide range of statistical information on the health of the population and the range and quality of health care services in Wales.
Health Survey for England
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Series of annual surveys designed to measure health and health related behaviours in adults and children.
Health Survey for England: Latest Trends
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Series of annual surveys designed to measure health and health related behaviours in adults and children.
Health Survey for England: Trend Tables
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Series of annual surveys designed to measure health and health related behaviours in adults and children.
Healthy Life Expectancy
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
This publication updates and expands upon the first estimates of HLE for Scotland produced by ISD and others.
Indicators on Breastfeeding
Department: Health
The indicators on breastfeeding and the smoking status of pregnant women at the time of delivery are being published as two separate releases, commencing from the publication relating to the quarter ending December 2011, released on 16 February. The information on breastfeeding initiation and the prevalence of breastfeeding at 6 to 8 weeks will continue to be published by the Department of Health. Smoking at Delivery information will be published by the NHS Information Centre.
Indicators on Breastfeeding
Department: NHS England
Breastfeeding and 12 week risk assessment
Infant Feeding Survey
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Trends in infant feeding chosen by mothers and information on drinking and smoking before, during and after pregnancy.
Integrated Household Survey
Department: Office for National Statistics
The largest social survey ever produced by the ONS. The survey takes responses from current ONS household surveys and contains information from over 400,000 individual respondents.
Key Clinical Indicators for Sexual Health
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
A set of key clinical indicators (KCIs) has been developed, for which data were first published in February 2006. The KCI reports are updated annually.
Local Health Profiles
Department: Health
Health profiles for all LA areas presenting a range of indicators and a snapshot of the overall health of the local population. Public Health England is now responsible for the publication of Local Health Profiles.
Local Health Profiles
Department: Public Health England
Health profiles for all LA areas presenting a range of indicators and a snapshot of the overall health of the local population. The Department of Health was previously responsible for the publication of Local Health Profiles.
Local Information on Alcohol and Drugs
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
This compendium of local statistics on alcohol and drug use brings together local data from available national sources. The statistics are primarily intended to provide easily accessible information to Alcohol and Drug Partnerships to support local planning and service provision. The statistics cover both newly analysed data and previously published data.
Mental health of adults living in private households in Great Britain
Department: Office for National Statistics
The findings of a survey of the mental health of young people, aged 5-17, looked after by local authorities.
Mental health of young people looked after by local authorities
Department: Office for National Statistics
The findings of a survey of the mental health of young people, aged 5-17, looked after by local authorities.
Mystery Shopper Study 2008: A study of service access for acute STIs in Scotland
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
A study of service access for acute STIs in Scotland
NHS Contraception Services
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Statistics on NHS community contraception services (family planning) including figures on vasectomy.
NHS Contraceptive Services, England
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Statistics on NHS community contraception services (family planning) including figures on vasectomy.
NHS Health Check quarterly statistics
Department: Public Health England
Number of NHS Health Checks offered and uptake each quarter, for the year to date and over five years April 2013-March 2018
NHS Immunisation Statistics, England
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Statistics on childhood immunisation and vaccination of the elderly against influenza.
NHS Stop Smoking Services in England
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Presents provisional results from the monitoring of the NHS Stop Smoking Services in England. This report includes information on the number of people setting a quit date and the number who successfully quit at the four week follow-up.
National Child Measurement Programme
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
The National Child Measurement Programme weighs and measures primary school children.
National Diet and Nutrition Survey
Department: Health
Food consumption and nutrient intakes of people aged 1.5 years and over living in private households, UK
National Diet and Nutrition Survey
Department: Public Health England
Food consumption, nutrient intakes and nutritional status of the UK population - adults and children from 18 months upwards. Results are presented by age/sex sub-groups.
Non-fatal suicidal behaviour among adults
Department: Office for National Statistics
This report describes the prevalence (past week, past year and lifetime) of suicidal thoughts, suicidal attempts and deliberate self-harm by socio-demographic, socio-economic, psychiatric and social functioning characteristics of the survey respondents.
Non-fatal suicidal behaviour among prisoners
Department: Office for National Statistics
The results from secondary analysis of the data on suicide attempts from the ONS survey of psychiatric morbidity among prisoners in England and Wales carried out at the end of 1997.
Northern Ireland Fireworks Injuries
Department: Health, Social Service and Public Safety (Northern Ireland)
This statistical release gives details of the number of persons injured by fireworks in Northern Ireland during the Halloween period. The survey coveres a four/five-week period and covers those injuries treated at A&E Departments and Minor Injuries Units.
Opinions and Lifestyle Survey
Department: Office for National Statistics
An omnibus survey that collects information on a range of topics from people living in private households in Great Britain.
Persistence, onset, risk factors and outcomes of childhood mental disorders
Department: Office for National Statistics
This longitudinal study is based on two surveys carried out by ONS among children living in private households in Great Britain. The first survey covered children aged 5 to 15 and was carried out in 1999. The second survey followed up a sample of those from the original survey in 2002.
Preterm Births
Department: Office for National Statistics
Contains data on number and percentages of singleton and multiple live births by gestational age, the distribution of singleton live births by gestational age and birthweight; and the birthweight distribution within gestational age groups of live singletons.
Primary 1 Body Mass Index (BMI) statistics
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
Update of annual statistics on high and low body mass index (BMI) for Primary 1 school children in ten participating NHS Boards in Scotland. Prior to December 2010 this publication was released under the title "Childhood obesity - Primary 1 Body Mass Index (BMI) Statistics".
Provisional Information on the Provision of Injecting Equipment in Scotland
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
Provisional information highlighting initial results from a survey of injecting equipment provision to injecting drug users in Scotland.
Psychiatric Morbidity Among Adults Living in Private Households
Department: Office for National Statistics
Findings of a survey of psychiatric morbidity among adults aged 16 to 74 living in private households in Great Britain.
Psychiatric Morbidity Among Prisoners
Department: Office for National Statistics
Information about the prevalence of psychiatric problems (including substance dependence) among male and female, remand and sentenced prisoners in 1997.
Psychiatric Morbidity Among Women Prisoners
Department: Office for National Statistics
Information on the mental health of women prisoners from a survey of psychiatric morbidity among prisoners aged 16-64 in England and Wales.
Psychiatric Morbidity Among Young Offenders
Department: Office for National Statistics
Information on the mental health of young offenders from a survey of psychiatric morbidity among prisoners aged 16-64 in England and Wales which was carried out in 1997.
Public Attitudes towards the Irish Language in Northern Ireland
Department: Culture, Arts and Leisure (Northern Ireland)
This publication presents findings from the Omnibus Survey in relation to the attitudes of adults aged 16 and over in Northern Ireland towards the Irish Language.
Public Health Indicators: Summary Report
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Reports on completeness and timeliness of recording and population trends in the most important disease risk factors (obesity, smoking, blood pressure, cholesterol and ethnicity) within primary care electronic health records.
Schools Adolescent Lifestyle and Substance Use Survey
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
Schools Adolescent Lifestyle and Substance Use Survey
ScotPHO Alcohol & Drugs Profiles
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
First release of alcohol & drug profiles on the ScotpHO website, including 16 alcohol and 12 drugs-related indicators at national and ADP level. Incicators as recently reported in (internal) ADP reports. The tool includes spine charts, rank charts and time trends and there will be a briefing report published alongside the tool.
ScotPHO Drug Update
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
Update of the Drug Misuse section of the ScotPHO website to include elements of the former Drug Misuse Statistics Scotland publication and the Drug Misuse Information Scotland website. Mainly links to already published data but some new data (primary care, prisons).
Scotland and European Health for All Database
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
Scotland data added to the WHO database of 600 health/health-related indicators for over 50 countries in Europe (including UK), for 1970 to the present, where available. Data are presented in a user-friendly, graphical or tabular form, allowing time trend and international comparisons. Accompanying briefing notes provide a summary of the findings and some interpretation.
Scotland's Sexual Health Information
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
This annual report is produced by the Sexually Transmitted Infections Epidemiology Advisory Group (STIEAG), for Scotland.
Scottish Health Survey
Department: Scottish Government
The Scottish Health Survey provides a detailed picture of the health of the Scottish population in private households and is designed to make a major contribution to the monitoring of health in Scotland.
Scottish Schools Adolescent Lifestyle and Substance Use Survey
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
Scottish Schools Adolescent Lifestyle and Substance Use Survey
Smokefree Legislation Compliance
Department: Health
Summarises the findings of the smokefree legislation compliance.
Smoking Cessation
Department: ISD Scotland (part of NHS National Services Scotland)
Smoking Cessation
Smoking related behaviour and attitudes
Department: Office for National Statistics
Results from questions about smoking which were included on the ONS Omnibus survey at the request of the Health and Social Care Information Centre.
Smoking, drinking and drug use among young people in England
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
Smoking, Drinking and Drugs Use among Young People in England is an annual survey carried out in participating schools across England to provide information on pupils' smoking, drinking and drug use behaviours. The survey focuses on different behaviours in different years, alternating between smoking and drinking one year, to drug use the next.
Statistics for drug treatment activity in England
Department: National Treatment Agency
Presents key results from the National Drug Treatment Monitoring System (NDTMS) on the number of problem drug misusers in contact with drug treatment agencies and general practitioners in England.
Statistics from the Northern Ireland Drug Addicts Index
Department: Health, Social Service and Public Safety (Northern Ireland)
This statistical bulletin summarises information on all those persons registered on the Northern Ireland Drug Addicts Index at 31 December in concurrence with the Misuse of Drugs (Notification of and Supply to Addicts) (Northern Ireland) Regulations 1973.
Statistics from the Northern Ireland Drug Misuse Database
Department: Health, Social Service and Public Safety (Northern Ireland)
This bulletin summarises information on people presenting to services with problem drug misuse and relates to the 12-month period ending 31 March.

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Overview

This topic provides a picture of health issues relating to lifestyle risk factors. Information is generally available for both adults and children, covers changes over time and is available at a national and regional level. Some local level information may also be provided.

Examples of information available include:

  • smoking habits, behaviours and attitudes, smoking-related ill health and mortality and smoking-related costs

  • drinking habits and behaviours, drinking related ill health and mortality, affordability of alcohol and alcohol-related costs

  • overweight and obesity prevalence, physical activity levels, trends in purchases and consumption of food and drink, trends in energy intake and health outcomes of obesity

  • prevalence of drug misuse, including the types of drugs used, patterns of drug misuse among different groups of the population, health outcomes related to drug misuse including hospital admissions, drug treatment and deaths related to drug misuse

Much of the information in this section relate to data collected and published by the NHS Information Centre or the Department of Health.

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Technical Data

Information for this topic comes from a range of sources including household surveys, hospitals, primary care and deaths registers.

The Health Survey for England is designed to monitor trends in the nation’s health, to estimate the proportion of people who have specified health conditions, and to estimate the prevalence of certain risk factors and combinations of risk factors associated with these conditions.

The survey also monitors progress towards selected health targets. Each survey in the series included core questions and measurements (such as blood pressure, anthropometric measurements and analysis of saliva and urine samples), as well as modules of questions on specific issues that vary from year to year. In recent years, the core sample has also been augmented by an additional boosted sample from a specific population subgroup, such as minority ethnic groups, older people or children.

More information on the Health Survey for England can be found on the Information Centre website.

The Survey of Smoking, Drinking and Drug Use Among School Young People is an annual survey of secondary school pupils aged in years 7 to 11 (mostly aged 11 to 15).

The survey series began in 1982. Each survey since 1998 has included a core set of questions on smoking, drinking and drug use and, since 2000, the remainder of the questionnaire has focused in alternate years on smoking and drinking or on drug misuse.
 
The General Household Survey (GHS) is an inter-departmental multi-purpose continuous survey. Questions about smoking behaviour have been asked in alternate years since 1974. Following the review of the GHS carried out in 1997, smoking questions became part of the continuous survey and have been included every year from 2000 onwards.

Questions about drinking alcohol were included in the GHS every two years from 1978 to 1998. Following the review of the GHS, questions about drinking in the last seven days form part of the continuous survey and have been included every year from 2000 onwards. Questions continuing the long-running series designed to measure average weekly alcohol consumption were included from 2000 to 2002 and again in 2005 and 2006.

Results from the General Household Survey are available on the Office for National Statistics website.

Questions about smoking and drinking are included on the ONS Omnibus survey. Questions about smoking behaviour and habits, giving up and stopping smoking, perceptions and awareness of issues related to smoking, attitudes related to smoking and smokers' response to their attitudes were asked of about 2,500 adults aged 16 and over.

The reports examine the prevalence of cigarette smoking, consumption, dependency and smokers' perceptions of relative risk and giving up. Results from questions on drinking behaviour and knowledge, included in the Omnibus surveys and includes text, data and tables on alcohol consumption, knowledge of units of alcohol and daily benchmarks and where people buy alcohol.

Smoking and drinking related statistics are available to view from the Office for National Statistics website.

Quarterly reports present results from the monitoring of the NHS Stop Smoking Services. The reports include information on the number of people setting a quit date and the number who successfully quit at the four week follow-up. They also present a more in depth analysis of the key measures of the service, presenting results by a variety of demographic and service delivery breakdowns.

Hospital admissions related to various lifestyle risk factors are provided through Hospital Episode statistics – see the Patients and Clients topic in the related topics section. The source for these statistics is record-level service data provided by the NHS.

Details of deaths related to smoking and alcohol can be found in the Causes of Death topic.

Drug treatment statistics are derived from the National Drug Treatment Monitoring System by the National Treatment Agency.

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Glossary

  • Acute sickness

    An illness or injury that has caused the informant to cut down on any of the things he or she usually does about the house, at work or school or in his or her free time (in the two weeks prior to the interview).

  • Age Standardisation

    Adult data are age-standardised throughout the Health Survey for England to allow comparisons between groups after adjusting for the effects of any differences in their age distributions. When different sub-groups are compared in respect of a variable on which age has an important influence, any differences in age distributions between these sub-groups are likely to affect the observed differences in the proportions of interest. All age standardisation has been undertaken separately within each gender, expressing male data to the overall male population and female data to the overall female population.

  • Alcohol units

    The definition of one unit of alcohol is 8mg (or 10ml) of pure alcohol.  The number of units in an alcoholic drink depends on the type of drink, how strong it is and the size of the measure. For example, a half pint of normal strength beer, lager or cider is 1 unit of alcohol, and a 175ml glass of wine is 2.2 units of alcohol. In 2006, the unit measurement methodology has been updated to take into account increased strengths of alcoholic drinks over recent years.

  • Binge drinking

    Binge drinking is difficult to define. It is broadly accepted as drinking to excess or drinking with the intention to get drunk, however as alcohol affects different people in different ways, this proves hard to quantify. The best and most widely used measure for binge drinking is drinking over twice the recommended daily guidelines. That is drinking over 8 units for men and drinking over 6 units for women.  Using a units-based definition for binge drinking allows for comparisons with previous years.

  • Blood Pressure

    Systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure are measured in informants aged 5 and over using a standard method. In adults, hypertension is defined as SBP ≥140 mmHg or DBP ≥90 mmHg or on medication prescribed to control hypertension.

  • BMI (adults)

    Body Mass Index (BMI) is defined as weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in metres (kg/m2). BMI = Weight (kg) divided by height squared (m squared). BMI definitions: Under 18.5 = Underweight, 18.5 to less than 25 = Normal, 25 to less than 30 = Overweight, 30 and over = Obese, 40 and over: Morbidly obese.

  • BMI (children) - UK National BMI percentile classification

    Due to differences in growth rates among boys and girls at each age, it is not possible to apply a universal formula for calculating the prevalence of obesity and overweight in children. Each sex and age group therefore needs its own level of classification for obesity. The UK National BMI percentile classification is used as it gives a BMI threshold for each age above which a child is considered overweight or obese. Those children whose BMI is above the 85th percentile are classified as overweight and those children whose BMI is above the 95th percentile are classified as obese, compared to 1990 BMI UK reference data. The percentiles are given for each sex and age.

  • Breastfed initially

    All babies whose mothers put them to the breast, even if this was on one occasion only.

  • Chronic drinking

    This is defined as drinking large amounts of alcohol regularly. Again, this is difficult to quantify in terms of units. The benchmark generally used is drinking over 50 units in a week for men and drinking over 35 units in a week for women.

  • Current smokers (adults)

    Adults who said that they do smoke cigarettes nowadays are classed as current smokers in the surveys used in this report.

  • Current smokers (children)

    These include children who are regular and occasional smokers.

  • Daily recommendations

    In 1995, the sensible drinking guidelines were updated to include daily guidelines in recognition of the dangers of excessive drinking in a single session. The daily guidelines are that men should not regularly consume more than 3 to 4 units a day and women should not regularly consume more than 2 to 3 units a day. After a heavy drinking session it is also recommended that both men and women have two alcohol free days.

  • Dependent drinking

    The World Health Organisation categorises dependent drinkers as those drinking above ‘sensible’ levels and experiencing harm, and also showing symptoms of dependence.

  • Duration of breastfeeding

    The length of time that mothers who breastfed initially continued to breastfeed for, even if they were also giving their baby other milk and solid foods.

  • Duration of exclusive breastfeeding

    The length of time that mothers who initially breastfed exclusively continued to feed exclusively, that is not giving formula milk, solid foods, or any other liquids.

  • Ex-smokers (adults)

    Adults who said that they used to smoke cigarettes regularly but no longer do are defined as ex- smokers (or ex-regular smokers). The definitions for adults who are non-smokers, heavy or light smokers vary in the different surveys.

  • Fruit and veg consumption

    Fruit and vegetable consumption is measured in portions, using guidelines specified in the ‘5 a day’ programme. The government recommends that people should eat five portions of fruit and vegetables a day. Five portions are defined as 400g of fruit and vegetables per day, an average of 80g per portion. A variety of foodstuffs represent a portion, including vegetables (fresh, frozen, canned), vegetables in composite dishes (such as pies or curries), salads, pulses, fruit (fresh, frozen, canned, dried), fruit in composites (such as pies or crumbles) and fruit juice.

  • General Health Questionnaire

    This is used as a scale designed to detect possible psychiatric morbidity in the general population. It was administrated to informants aged 13 and above. The questionnaire contains 12 questions about the informant’s general level of happiness, depression, anxiety and sleep disturbance over the past four weeks.

  • Harmful drinking

    The World Health Organisation categorises harmful drinking as drinking above recognised ‘sensible’ limits and experiencing harm.

  • Hazardous drinking

    The World Health Organisation categorises hazardous drinking as drinking above recognised ‘sensible’ levels (that is, the daily recommendations in the UK) but not yet experiencing harm. Therefore hazardous drinking can be defined as a pattern of drinking that brings about the risk of harm, which can be either physical or psychosocial harm.

  • Illicit drugs

    The term ‘illicit drugs’ is used to describe those drugs that are controlled under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971. This legislation regulates controlled drugs and divides the drugs into three classes, depending on the harm they cause. For example, Class A drugs cause the most harm and include cocaine, ecstasy, heroin and LSD; Class B includes amphetamines; and Class C includes cannabis. Under the Act there are various offences, including the unlawful possession of a controlled substance.

  • Incidence of breastfeeding

    The proportion of babies who were breastfed initially.

  • Longstanding illness and limiting long standing illness

    Longstanding illness is defined as an illness, disability or infirmity that had troubled the respondent over a period of time or was likely to affect them over a period of time. Longstanding illnesses are coded into categories defined in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD), but it should be noted that the ICD is used mostly to classify conditions according to the cause, whereas the Health Survey for England classifies according to the reported symptoms. A longstanding illness was defined as limiting if the respondent reported that it limited their activities in any way.

  • Occasional smokers (children)

    The summary activity level classification is as follows. High activity: 20 or more occasions of moderate or vigorous activity of at least 30 minutes duration in the last four weeks (at least five days a week).This group refers to those adults who met the recommended level of physical activity; Medium activity: 4 to 19 occasions of moderate or vigorous activity of at least 30 minutes duration in the last four weeks (one to five days a week); Low activity: Up to three occasions of moderate or vigorous activity of at least 30 minutes duration in the last four weeks (less than once a week). 

  • Phyisical activity (children)

    Group 3 'high': active for 60 minutes on seven days in the last week. Assuming that all reported activities were of at least moderate intensity, this group refers to those children who met the recommended level of physical activity. Group 2 'medium': active for 30 to 59 minutes on seven days in the last week. Group 2 represents those achieving the lower recommended level which is at least 30 minutes (but less than an hour) of at least moderate intensity per day. The same intensity assumption highlighted above applies here. Group 1 'low': active at a lower level or not active at all. This group refers to children who did not meet either of the physical activity guideline.

  • Prevalence of breastfeeding

    The proportion of all babies who were wholly or partially breastfed at specific ages.

  • Prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding

    The proportion of all babies who have only ever been given breast milk up to specific ages and who have never been fed formula milk, solid foods, or any other liquids.

  • Regular smokers (children)

    A child who smokes at least one cigarette a week

  • Smoking attributable fractions

    These are estimates of smoking prevalence for both smokers and ex-smokers by gender and age. These are used to assess the relative risks for deaths and non-fatal diseases for both smokers and ex-smokers for those diseases known to be associated with smoking.

  • Weekly recommendations

    ‘Sensible drinking’ levels were defined in the government’s white paper, Health of the Nation 1992. The recommendations were that men should consume no more than 21 units per week and women should consume no more than 14 units per week.

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Contact Details

For statistical enquiries about this topic, please contact:

The NHS Information Centre of Health and Social Care

Email: enquiries@ic.nhs.uk

Telephone: +44 (0) 845 300 6016

1 Trevelyan Square Boar Lane Leeds LS1 6AE

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