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In terms of economic well-being, health, education and employment British citizens are, on average, better off than they were 20 years ago. But inequality has persisted in some areas. The key publications available here paint a picture of the equality groups in contemporary UK society, placing particular emphasis on comparing their experiences.

Publications

A section 75 analysis of mortality patterns in Northern Ireland
Department: Health, Social Service and Public Safety (Northern Ireland)
An analysis of mortality within Northern Ireland using the NI Mortality Study.
Access Arrangements for GCSE and GCE
Department: Office of Qualifications and Examinations Regulation
Awarding organisations must ensure that candidates with particular requirements can demonstrate their skills, knowledge and understanding, for example by providing modified question papers for candidates with visual impairments. Ofqual collects and reports information on the total number of access arrangements in the GCSE and GCE summer examination series in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. No geographic breakdown of the data is currently published.
An Overview of Hate Crime in England and Wales
Department: Home Office
This is an Official Statistics bulletin produced by statisticians in the Home Office, Ministry of Justice and the Office for National Statistics, which brings together, for the first time, a range of official statistics from across the crime and criminal justice system, providing an overview of hate crime in England and Wales.The report is structured to highlight: the victim experience; recording and detecting the crimes and how the various criminal justice agencies deal with an offender once identified, for different strands of hate crime.
Annual Racist Incident Statistics
Department: Home Office
Summary table of racist incidents by police force area.
DWP Equality Information
Department: Work and Pensions
This report is published in line with the Equality Duty under the Equality Act 2010 to publish, at least annually, relevant, proportionate information on key DWP priority areas broken down by protected groups.
DWP equality information 2014
Department: Work and Pensions
This report is published in line with the Equality Duty under the Equality Act 2010 to publish, at least annually, relevant, proportionate information on key DWP priority areas broken down by protected groups.
Department for Work and Pensions Equality Information - Public Sector Equality Duty
Department: Work and Pensions
The Department for Work and Pensions Equality Information report provides information on a range of key indicators broken down, where data allows , by protected characteristics such as age, disability, sex and ethnicity.
Discretionary Housing Payments in Scotland
Department: Scottish Government
DHPs may be awarded when an LA considers that a LA considers that a housing benefit claimant requires further financial assistance towards housing costs.
Equality Statistics for the Northern Ireland Civil Service
Department: Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency
An overview of diversity and equality in the Northern Ireland Civil Service. The report provides an analysis of the composition of, and the flows into and out of, the Service.
Fire and Rescue Service Operational Statistics
Department: Communities and Local Government
Statistics relating to the operational issues affecting fire and rescue services in England. It includes information on personnel, equality and diversity, health and safety, and operational activities.
Gender Equality Strategy : Baseline Picture Update
Department: Office of the First and Deputy First Minister
Provides a variety of indicators measuring the gender equality situation in Northern Ireland
Gender Recognition Certificate Statistics
Department: Justice
Summary statistics on Gender Recognition Certificates applied for and granted by Her Majesty’s Courts and Tribunals Service’s Gender Recognition Panel. Under UK law, individuals are considered by the State to be of the gender – either male or female – that is recorded on their birth certificate. The Gender Recognition Act 2004, which came into effect on 4 April 2005, enables transsexual people to apply to the Gender Recognition Panel (GRP) to receive a Gender Recognition Certificate (GRC).
Hate crimes, England and Wales
Department: Home Office
Hate crimes, England and Wales
Health Expectancies at birth and age 65 in the United Kingdom
Department: Office for National Statistics
This report presents the latest figures on male and female health expectancy, at birth and at age 65, for the UK and its four constituent countries. While life expectancy (LE) provides an estimate of average expected life-span, healthy life expectancy (HLE) divides total LE into years spent in good or ‘not good’ health. Disability-free life expectancy (DFLE) divides LE into years lived with and without a chronic illness or disability. These figures are three-year averages. LE is taken from the UK national interim life tables published annually by ONS, and the measures of health and chronic illness from the General Household Survey (GHS) in Great Britain and the Continuous Household Survey (CHS) in Northern Ireland.
Housing Benefit Speed of Processing
Department: Work and Pensions
Statistics on the average number of days to process (i) new (ii) change of circumstances of HB / CTB claims. Note: Prior to Oct 2011 this was named HB/CTB Right Time Indicator.
Labour Force Survey Religion Report
Department: Office of the First and Deputy First Minister
To compare Roman Catholic and Protestant labour market outcomes.
Life Opportunities Survey
Department: Office for National Statistics
Statistics on the life opportunities people in Great Britain have and how these vary by social and demographic characteristics.
Lifetime Opportunities Monitoring Framework
Department: Office of the First and Deputy First Minister
This report presents a range of statistical targets and indicators in support of the Northern Ireland Executive’s anti poverty and social inclusion strategy ‘Lifetime Opportunities'. The monitoring framework is structured around 3 ‘layers’: • Child poverty targets • Poverty and social inclusion indicators • Public service agreement targets Analyses of statistics are on a lifecycle basis and are benchmarked against other jurisdictions when possible
Measures from the Adult Social Care Outcomes Framework, England
Department: Health and Social Care Information Centre
The Purpose of the ASCOF is two-fold • Nationally, the ASCOF will give an indication of the strengths of social care and success in delivering better outcomes for people who use services. • Locally, one of the key uses of the ASCOF is for ‘benchmarking’ and comparison between areas, enabling councils to compare their results with others. It will also support the “local account” of social care in an area by providing high-level information to underpin the narrative of these accounts.
NOMS Annual Equalities Report
Department: Justice
The Equalities Annual Report summarises the progress that we have made on our national programme of high level actions and our priorities for the year ahead. It exposes the ongoing challenges that we face in ensuring fairness. The report explains in broad terms what we will be doing to improve those outcomes, but real change will be achieved only by local action by managers and staff in prisons and probation trusts, making a practical difference as they go about their work in a fair decent way.
National Survey of Bereaved People (VOICES)
Department: Office for National Statistics
Presents combined results of the 2011 and 2012 VOICES survey by NHS Area Team
Northern Ireland Concessionary Fares Users' Survey
Department: Regional Development (Northern Ireland)
Northern Ireland Concessionary Fares User Survey is a statistical bulletin about customer usage of the Concessionary Fares Scheme and the Section 75 profile of Concessionary Fare holders. The Concessionary Fares Scheme is funded by the Department for Regional Development Northern Ireland and provides free and half fare travel on public transport for several groups of people including children, senior citizens and some people with disabilities.
Northern Ireland Health & Social Care Inequalities Monitoring System - Life Expectancy Decomposition
Department: Health, Social Service and Public Safety (Northern Ireland)
Life expectancy at birth is the average number of years a person can expect to live should current mortality patterns stay constant. This report details how trends in mortality by age and cause of death explain recent changes in life expectancy. The results are examined in the context of changes in the recording, measuring and classifi cation of demographic data over recent years.
Northern Ireland Health & Social Care Inequalities Monitoring System Bulletin
Department: Health, Social Service and Public Safety (Northern Ireland)
The Health and Social Care Inequalities Monitoring System (HSCIMS) comprises a basket of indicators which are monitored over time to assess area differences in mortality, morbidity, utilisation of and access to health and social care services in Northern Ireland. Inequalities between the 20% most deprived areas (defi ned using the NISRA 2005 Northern Ireland Multiple Deprivation Measure) and Northern Ireland as a whole are measured.
Northern Ireland Health & Social Care Inequalities Monitoring System: An equality analysis of mortality within NI
Department: Health, Social Service and Public Safety (Northern Ireland)
An analysis of mortality within Northern Ireland using the NI Mortality Study.
Northern Ireland Health and Social Care Inequalities Monitoring System Third Update Bulletin
Department: Health, Social Service and Public Safety (Northern Ireland)
The Health and Social Care Inequalities Monitorting System comprises a basket of indicators to assess area differences in mortality, morbidity, utilisation of and access to health and social care services in Northern Ireland. Trends in Health Inequalities between both the 20% most deprived areas and rural areas compared with Northern Ireland as a whole are reported.
Police Workforce, England and Wales
Department: Home Office
Statistics on police workforce numbers in the 43 police forces in England and Wales and the British Transport Police.
Presentation of the Gender Pay Gap: ONS Position Paper
Department: Office for National Statistics
Paper proposing the ONS position on releases relating to treatment of the gender pay gap.
Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA)
Department: Education
The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) is a survey of the educational achievement of 15-year-olds organised by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). A total of 65 countries participated in PISA 2009.
Scottish Welfare Fund Statistics
Department: Scottish Government
Summary pending
Special consideration in GCSE and GCE:
Department: Office of Qualifications and Examinations Regulation
Awarding organisations are required to have procedures for making adjustments to the marks of candidates who have not been able to demonstrate attainment because of exceptional circumstances. Ofqual collects and reports information on the total number of requests for special consideration in the GCSE and GCE summer examination series in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. No geographic breakdown is currently published.
Statistics of completed selection exercises and recommendations for judicial appointment showing diversity
Department: Justice
Published by the Judicial Appointments Commission (JAC) - Half-yearly publication presenting the progress of candidates through the selection process for judicial office broken down by gender, ethnicity, disability and professional background.
Statistics of the Employment Tribunals selection and recommendations for appointment exercise, showing diversity
Department: Justice
This report presents comprehensive statistics on the judicial selection process and recommendations for Employment Tribunal Members. This exercise ran from August 2009 to January 2010. Most judicial recruitment exercises are run by the Judicial Appointments Commission (JAC). However, Employment Tribunal Members are not listed in schedule 14 of the Constitutional Reform Act 2006, and this exercise was therefore able to be run by the Tribunals.

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Overview

Recent Office for National Statistics (ONS) analysis has shown that some progress has been made over the last 20 years in reducing inequality (for example, equal pay for women and educational attainment for some ethnic minority groups). But there are also a number of other examples for particular ethnic groups, disabled people and socio-economic groups where disadvantages have persisted.  

Our key publications paint a picture of the equality groups in contemporary UK society. They include information on their characteristics, lifestyles and experiences, concentrating on comparing and contrasting their experiences in relation to economic well-being, health, education and employment.

ONS are currently improving equality data and information. In 2007 it published the Review of Equality Data (EDR), a cross-government review undertaken by diversity and equality stakeholders. This found that equality data already exist but are not always easy to find.

The starting point for improvement was a measurement framework proposed in the Cabinet Office-commissioned Equalities Review (February 2007) which included the following equality characteristics:

  • gender

  • transgender

  • ethnicity

  • disability

  • age

  • sexual orientation

  • religion/belief

  • socio-economic status

In response, ONS has located all of its equality related statistical publications within this section of the GSS publication hub in addition to creating its own measuring equality web pages. This section will continue to expand as additional equality data become available.

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Technical Data

Technical information is available with each individual publication.

The ONS-led review of equality data took place from June to September 2007. It was guided by a cross-Government task force with diversity and equality stakeholders drawn from eight Whitehall departments and the three devolved administrations.

The review was an audit across the main equality strands and accessibility of data. The review found that the existing data gaps were in the provision of Sexual Identity, Transgender and Disability statistics.

The report attributed a lack of strategic co-ordination for the equality data gaps and inconsistencies in the equality and inequalities evidence base. It makes 22 recommendations for ONS and other government bodies to improve co-ordination and processes, data comparability and quality, and data accessibility and presentation.
 
Further information on the Equalities Review or the Equality Data Review can be found on the Measuring Equality web pages.

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Glossary

  • Age-standardised rates

    These allow comparisons between populations with different age structures. The method used here is direct standardisation using the European Standard Population.

  • Disability

    Used to refer to limiting long term illness or disability which restricts daily activities. It is calculated from a 'Yes' response to the question in the 2001 Census: "Do you have any long-term illness, health problem or disability which limits your activities or the work you can do?"

  • Economic activity

    The number of people who are employed or unemployed as a percentage of the total population aged 16 and over. The economic activity rate is the percentage of the population, such as in a given age group, which is economically active.

  • Economic inactivity

    Economically inactive people are neither in employment nor unemployed, and are not actively seeking work, for example, people who have retired or are long-term sick. The Labour Force Survey categorises all economically inactive people who are more than five years above the State Pension Age as retired. The economic inactivity rate for an age group is the number of people who are inactive as a percentage of the total population of that age.

  • Employment

    The International Labour Organisation’s definition of the employment rate is the percentage of people in a given age group who are in one or more hours of paid employment a week. The employment rate can be presented for any population group and is the proportion of that group who are in employment.

  • Equality Data Review (EDR)

    The ONS-led review of equality data took place from June to September 2007. It was guided by a cross-Government task force with diversity and equality stakeholders drawn from eight Whitehall departments and the three devolved administrations. The report concludes that the lack of strategic co-ordination has contributed to the equality data gaps and inconsistencies in the equality and inequalities evidence base. It makes 22 recommendations for ONS and other government bodies to improve co-ordination and processes, data comparability and quality, and data accessibility and presentation.

  • Great Britain

    Includes England, Wales and Scotland.

  • Unemployment

    The measure based on International Labour Organisation guidelines and used in the Labour Force Survey counts as unemployed: people who are without a job, are available to start work in the next two weeks, who have been seeking a job in the last four weeks or are out of work and waiting to start a job already obtained in the next two weeks. The unemployment rate is the percentage of economically active people who are unemployed.

  • United Kingdom

    Includes England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

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Contact Details

For statistical enquiries about this topic, please contact:

Equalities and Wellbeing Branch

Email: equalitiesandwellbeing@ons.gsi.gov.uk

Telephone: +44 (0) 1633 455010

Equalties and Wellbeing Branch rm: 1.024 Office For National Statistics Cardiff Rd Newport NP10 8XG

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