Annual Anti-social Behaviour Order (ASBO) Statistics
Department: Home Office
Detailed breakdown of anti-social behaviour order (ASBO) data by Criminal Justice Area
Anti-social behaviour order statistics, England and Wales
Annual release of statistics relating to anti-social behaviour orders. Breakdowns provided are age, sex and criminal justice system (CJS) area.
Atlas of Deprivation: England
Department: Office for National Statistics
The Indices of Multiple Deprivation for England combine a number of areas, chosen to cover a range of economic, social and housing issues into a single deprivation score for each Lower Layer Super Output Area in England. The Atlas of Deprivation allows a map visualisation of the overall LSOA deprivation score (rank) and the score (rank) for each of the seven domains by local authority.
Department: Welsh Government
Statistics on deliberate fire incidents include data for Wales.
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The property crime chapter in the Crime in England and Wales annual volume looks at the various ways that individuals, households or corporate bodies are deprived of their property. This is either by illegal means (or where there is intent to do so) or where property is damaged. This topic covers the element on damage to property in the section on criminal damage (or vandalism).
Recorded crime figures include criminal damage offences, provided that they have been reported to and recorded by the police.
The degree to which crimes are reported and recorded varies according to crime type. Key factors as to whether property crime is reported are the perceived seriousness of the crime and whether the property is insured.
The British Crime Survey (BCS) provides reliable estimates of crimes against the person and household but does not include crimes against corporate bodies.
The public perceptions chapter in the Crime in England and Wales annual volume contains BCS reports on the public’s perceptions of seven types of Anti-Social Behaviour (ASB):
1. abandoned or burnt-out cars
2. noisy neighbours or loud parties
3. people being drunk or rowdy in public places
4. people using or dealing drugs
5. teenagers hanging around on the streets
6. rubbish or litter lying around, and
7. vandalism, graffiti or other deliberate damage to property
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Criminal damage (vandalism)
Criminal damage (vandalism) in the British Crime Survey (BCS), is any intentional and malicious damage to property belonging to another. The BCS only includes vandalism of private households and their property, while the police record offences for both domestic and non-domestic property. Damage repairable without cost, or accidental, is not included in the BCS or police recorded crime.
BCS vandalism specifically covers:
arson (where there is deliberate damage to property caused by fire)
damage to a motor vehicle
damage to the home (including doors, windows, gates, fences and belongings in the garden)
damage to other property
The police record offences of criminal damage to a dwelling, to buildings other than a dwelling, to a vehicle, and other damage. Figures are also collected for racially or religiously aggravated criminal damage.
Arson and deliberate fires recorded by fire brigades
There are substantial recording differences between arson recorded by the police and deliberate fires figures recorded by fire brigades. The police need a higher level of proof than fire brigades to record arson/deliberate fires. Also, the police record a large proportion of fires to stolen vehicles, as thefts of vehicles, rather than arson.
The definition of arson used in the BCS is deliberate damage by fire to property belonging to the respondent or their household regardless of the type of property involved. The only exception is where the item that is set on fire, was stolen first (this is coded as theft). Arson is included in vandalism to other property and includes arson to vehicles.
Anti-social behaviour (ASB)
The British Crime Survey (BCS) measures high levels of perceived anti-social behaviour from responses to seven individual anti-social behaviour questions:
1. noisy neighbours or loud parties
2. teenagers hanging around on the streets
3. rubbish or litter lying around
4. vandalism, graffiti and other deliberate damage to property
5. people using or dealing drugs
6. people being drunk or rowdy in public places
7. abandoned or burnt-out cars
Perceptions of anti-social behaviour are measured using a scale based on answers to the seven questions as follows: ‘very big problem’ = 3, ‘fairly big problem’ = 2, ‘not a very big problem’ = 1 and ‘not a problem at all’ = 0. The maximum score for the seven questions is 21.
Respondents with a score of 11 or more on this scale are classified as having high levels of perceived anti-social behaviour.
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