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Data on energy supply and demand are an essential component of the UK’s main economic and environmental indicators. The data inform policy makers and industry, and stimulates debate, promoting more competitive energy markets and greater security of supply.

Publications

Annual Business Inquiry
Department: Office for National Statistics
The Annual Business Inquiry (ABI) is conducted in two parts: employment and financial information. This release deals with the financial inquiry which collects information for about two thirds of the UK economy, covering agriculture (part), hunting, forestry and fishing; production; construction; motor trades; wholesale; retail; catering and allied trades; property; service trades. The financial variables covered include turnover, purchases, employment costs, capital expenditure and stocks. Approximate Gross Value Added (GVA) is calculated as an input into the measurement of Gross Domestic product (GDP).
Annual Business Survey
Department: Office for National Statistics
The Annual Business Survey collects financial information for the UK non-financial business economy; variables covered include turnover, purchases and approximate gross value added.
Annual Central Feed-in Tariff register statistics
Department: Energy and Climate Change
Cumulative count and installed capacity of Feed-in Tariff installations that have been confirmed on the Central FiT Register. Statistics are shown for GB, split by technology and tariff band
Central Feed-in Tariff register statistics
Department: Energy and Climate Change
Total installed capacity and the number of installations by tariff band and technology type.
Consumption of non-gas, non-electricity and non-road transport fuels
Department: Energy and Climate Change
Statistics on the consumption of solid fuels, petroleum products and renewables broken down by local authority.
Digest of UK Energy Statistics
Department: Energy and Climate Change
The Digest provides essential information for everyone involved in energy, from economists to environmentalists, and from energy suppliers to energy users.
Digest of UK Energy Statistics: 60th Anniversary
Department: Energy and Climate Change
A one off publication comparing the changes in energy production and use between 1948 and 2008.
Electricity and gas consumption at middle layer super output area (MLSOA) and intermediate geography zone (IGZ) level
Department: Energy and Climate Change
Statistics on the consumption of electricity and gas broken down by middle layer super output area (MLSOA) and intermediate geography zone (IGZ).
Electricity consumption at local authority level
Department: Energy and Climate Change
Statistics on the consumption of electricity broken down by local authority.
Energy Consumption in the UK
Department: Energy and Climate Change
Energy consumption statistics presented in five sections covering firstly overall energy consumption, then energy consumption in the transport, domestic, industrial and service sectors.
Energy Flow Chart
Department: Energy and Climate Change
Energy production and consumption data.
Energy Generation and Consumption for Wales
Department: Welsh Government
A statistical bulletin covering generation by fuel, electricity exported, renewable generation, domestic energy consumption,
Energy Performance of Buildings
Department: Communities and Local Government
This release presents official statistics on energy performance of buildings in England and Wales, including energy efficiency ratings, environmental impact ratings, energy usage, costs and emissions of dwellings and non-dwellings. The statistics will derive from two datasets - Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) and Display Energy Certificates (DECs).
Energy Statistics for Wales
Department: Welsh Government
This Statistical Bulletin covers topics such as generation, efficiency and consumption.
Energy Trends
Department: Energy and Climate Change
Statistics providing a comprehensive picture of energy production and use in the UK.
Feed in Tariff Deployment statistics
Department: Energy and Climate Change
Cumulative count and installed capacity of all installations deployed via the Feed-in Tariff scheme. Statistics are shown for GB, borken down by technology, size band and data source.
Feed in Tariff scheme capacity data
Department: Energy and Climate Change
Feed in Tariff scheme statistics on capacity. Name of release changed to Central Feed-in Tariff register statistics; these will be published on a monthly basis with effect from 22 June 2012.
Feed in Tariff scheme generation data
Department: Energy and Climate Change
Feed in Tariff scheme statistics on generation.
Gas consumption at local authority level
Department: Energy and Climate Change
Statistics on the consumption of gas broken down by local authority.
Green Deal/ECO statistics
Department: Energy and Climate Change
This release presents statistics on the number of Green Deal assessments, and the number and type of energy efficiency measures installed.
Green Deal/ECO statistics - quarterly data
Department: Energy and Climate Change
This release presents statistics on the number of Green Deal assessments, and the number and type of energy efficiency measures installed; the release includes estimates of the number of homes with loft insulation and cavity wall insulation previously published in the statistical release Home insulation levels in Great Britain
High Level Indicators of Energy Use at Regional and Local Authority Level
Department: Energy and Climate Change
Indicators of regional energy use compared with a variety of socio-economic variables
Home insulation levels in Great Britain
Department: Energy and Climate Change
These statistics have now been incorporated with the Green Deal/ECO statistics - quarterly data release. This change reflects the fact that one of the main uses of the home insulation levels estimates is to understand, monitor and develop the Green Deal and ECO
Lodgement of energy performance certificates (EPCs) and display energy certificates (DECs) covering England and Wales
Department: Communities and Local Government
Quarterly statistics summarising data recorded on the Energy Performance of Buildings Registers. The Data are lodged on the Registers as part of the process of producing a Energy Performance Certificate or Display Energy Cerificate.
Microgeneration Certification Scheme and ROOFiT statistics
Department: Energy and Climate Change
The MCS and ROOFiT pipeline statistics show the number of installations each month that are registered on the Microgeneration Certification Scheme - MCS Installation database, and the number of installations with a total installed capacity accredited through the ROOFiT scheme.
Monthly Energy Statistics
Department: Energy and Climate Change
Provides statistics on energy prices and monthly production and consumption of coal, electricity, gas, oil and total energy for the UK.
National Energy Efficiency Data-Framework (NEED)
Department: Energy and Climate Change
The National Energy Efficiency Data-Framework (NEED) was set up by DECC to provide a better understanding of energy use and energy efficiency in domestic and non-domestic buildings in Great Britain. The data framework matches gas and electricity consumption data, collected for DECC sub-national energy consumption statistics, with information on energy efficiency measures installed in homes, from the Homes Energy Efficiency Database (HEED). It also includes data about property attributes and household characteristics, obtained from a range of sources.
Northern Ireland Annual Business Inquiry
Department: Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency
Provides information on the value of the economic activity that businesses generate and associated expenditure across the main industrial sectors in Northern Ireland.
Northern Ireland Annual Business Inquiry
Department: Enterprise, Trade and Investment (Northern Ireland)
Provides information on the value of the economic activity that businesses generate and associated expenditure across the main industrial sectors in Northern Ireland.
Northern Ireland Coal Inquiry
Department: Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency
Shipments of Coal and Other Solid Fuels into Northern Ireland.
Northern Ireland Coal Inquiry
Department: Enterprise, Trade and Investment (Northern Ireland)
Shipments of Coal and Other Solid Fuels into Northern Ireland.
Petroleum Products (Northern Ireland)
Department: Enterprise, Trade and Investment (Northern Ireland)
UK Petroleum Industry - Deliveries for Consumption in Northern Ireland.
Petroleum Products (Northern Ireland)
Department: Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency
UK Petroleum Industry - Deliveries for Consumption in Northern Ireland.
Quality Indicators of Electricity and Gas Use at Regional and Local Authority Level
Department: Energy and Climate Change
Indicators of the quality of the regional electricity and gas datasets.
Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) and Renewable Heat Premium Payments (RHPP) deployment data
Department: Energy and Climate Change
The monthly statistics for the Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) programme present the number of applications and accredited installations on the scheme so far. The figures are broken down by technology type and region and application status. The monthly statistics for the Renewable Heat Premium Payments (RHPP) scheme detail the number of vouchers issued and redeemed for the scheme so far. The figures are broken down by technology type and region.
Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) and Renewable Heat Premium Payments (RHPP) quarterly statistics
Department: Energy and Climate Change
This quarterly release provides a summary of the deployment of renewable heat technologies under the Non-Domestic Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) and Renewable Heat Premium Payments (RHPP) householder voucher schemes.
Renewables Obligation: certificates and generation
Department: Energy and Climate Change
Monthly data on the number of certificates issued for generation under the Renewables Obligation.
Road transport fuels consumption at local authority level
Department: Energy and Climate Change
Statistics on the consumption of petrol and diesel broken down by local authority and vehicle type.
Smart Meter installations
Department: Energy and Climate Change
Quarterly statistics which show the number of smart, smart-type and advanced meters installed during the quarter and operated at the end of the quarter in domestic and smaller non-domestic properties by the larger energy suppliers.
Sub-national electricity consumption in Northern Ireland
Department: Energy and Climate Change
Sub-national domestic and non-domestic electricity consumption in Northern Ireland
Sub-regional Feed-in Tariffs statistics
Department: Energy and Climate Change
Quarterly sub-regional statistics which show the number of installations and total installed capacity by technology type in England, Scotland and Wales at the end of the latest quarter that have been confirmed on the Central Feed-in Tariff register.
The Area of UK Crops Grown for Bioenergy
Department: Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
This is an experimental statistical notice with estimates of the area of UK crops which have been grown for bioenergy. It covers wheat, oilseed rape, sugar beet, short rotation coppice, miscanthus and straw. It makes use and brings together a range of existing data collected by Defra, Dft and DECC.
Total fuels consumption at local authority level
Department: Energy and Climate Change
Statistics on the consumption of energy broken down by local authority and fuel.
UK Energy Sector Indicators
Department: Energy and Climate Change
A range of indicators which aims to provide a headline overview of some of the key developments in the UK energy system.
UK Energy in Brief
Department: Energy and Climate Change
Summary of the latest statistics on energy production, consumption and prices in the UK.
Weekly solar PV installation & capacity statistics
Department: Energy and Climate Change
Statistics which show the number of sub 50kW solar photovoltaic installations and capacity installed at the end of each week that are recorded on the Microgeneration Certification Scheme - MCS Installation database.

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Overview

The Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) is responsible for statistical data in respect of the monthly, quarterly and annual production and consumption of coal, electricity, gas, oil and total energy. These allow trends to be monitored, as well as providing a detailed and comprehensive picture of energy production and consumption in recent years.

Annual energy consumption statistical data in total, and by the transport, domestic, industrial and service sectors are also collected. These include an analysis of the factors driving the changes in energy consumption, the impact of increasing activity, increased efficiency, and structural change in the economy.

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Technical Data

Statistical data in respect of the monthly, quarterly and annual production and consumption of coal, electricity, gas and oil are collected by a combination of statistical surveys and data from companies and industry bodies. The data are then combined using a common unit of measurement, the tonne of oil equivalent, so as to enable different fuels to be compared and aggregated (total energy).

Coal

Coal production figures are provided by the Coal Authority. Production statistics are provided for each licensed mine and split between deep mined and opencast mines on a calendar period. Data on UK purchases, imports, UK sales, exports, consumption and stocks gathered from major coal producers and distributors all feed into the production of coal and manufactured solid fuel statistics. The Iron and Steel Statistics Bureau (ISSB) provides DECC with an annual statement of coke and breeze production and use of coal, coke and breeze within that industry. The ISSB is also the source of data on gases produced by the iron and steel industry (coke oven gas, blast furnace gas and basic oxygen steel furnace gas). Data submission from both ISSB and HMRC are used to estimate imports and exports of coal and manufactured solid fuels. Coal consumed for the generation of electricity comes from 12 major power producers and is obtained through DECC run surveys.

Electricity

For major power producers, the data are obtained from the results of an annual DECC inquiry, sent to each company, covering generating capacity, fuel use, generation, sales and distribution of electricity. Another annual inquiry is sent to electricity distributors to establish electricity distributed by these companies. Similarly an annual inquiry is sent to licensed suppliers of electricity to establish electricity sales by these companies.

Electricity consumption for the iron and steel sector is based on data provided by ISSB. A sample of companies that generate electricity mainly for their own use (known as autogenerators or autoproducers) is covered by a quarterly inquiry commissioned by DECC but carried out by the Office for National Statistics (ONS).

Gas

Production figures are generally obtained from returns made under DECC’s Petroleum Production Reporting System (PPRS). DECC obtains data on the transmission of natural gas from National Grid (who operate the National Transmission System) and from other pipeline operators. Data on consumption are based on returns from gas suppliers and UKCS producers who supply gas directly to customers.

DECC carry out an annual survey of gas suppliers to obtain details of gas sales to the various categories of consumer. Estimates are included for the suppliers with the smallest market share since the DECC inquiry covers only the largest suppliers. Gas consumption for the iron and steel sector is based on data provided by ISSB rather than gas suppliers since gas suppliers tend to over-estimate their sales to this sector. 

Oil

The majority of the data are derived from DECC’s Downstream Oil Reporting System (DORS), which replaced the UK Petroleum Industry Association (UKPIA) reporting system. Data relating to the inland operations of the UK oil industry (that is, information on the supply, refining and distribution of oil in the UK) are collected from companies.

Each member of UKPIA and a number of other contributing companies provides returns on its refining activities and deliveries of various products to the internal UK market. Sales by super/hypermarkets of motor spirit and diesel engine road vehicle fuel have been derived from a survey of super/hypermarket companies.

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Glossary

  • Combined Heat and Power (CHP)

    The simultaneous generation of usable heat and power (usually electricity) in a single process. The term CHP is synonymous with co-generation and total energy, which are terms often used in the United States or other Member States of the European Community. The basic elements of a CHP plant comprise one or more prime movers driving electrical generators, where the steam or hot water generated in the process is utilised via suitable heat recovery equipment for use either in industrial processes, or in community heating and space heating. 

  • Downstream

    Used in oil and gas processes to cover the part of the industry after the production of the oil and gas. For example, it covers refining, supply and trading, marketing and exporting.

  • Energy use

    Energy use of fuel mainly comprises use for lighting, heating or cooling, motive power and power for appliances. 

  • Final energy consumption

    Energy consumption by final user; which is not being used for transformation into other forms of energy.

  • Fossil fuels

    Coal, natural gas and fuels derived from crude oil (for example, petrol and diesel) are called fossil fuels because they have been formed over long periods of time from ancient organic matter.

  • Indigenous production

    The production of primary energy, such as hard coal, lignite, peat, crude oil, natural gas liquids, natural gas, nuclear, hydro, geothermal, solar and the heat from heat pumps that is extracted from the ambient environment. Production is calculated after removal of impurities (for example, sulphur from natural gas).

  • Non-energy use

    Includes fuel used for chemical feedstock, solvents, lubricants, and road making material. 

  • Primary energy consumption

    Primary energy consumption refers to the direct use at the source, or supply to users without transformation, of crude energy, that is, energy that has not been subjected to any conversion or transformation process.

  • Primary fuels

    Fuels obtained directly from natural sources, for example, coal, oil and natural gas.

  • Renewable energy sources

    Includes solar power, wind, wave and tide, and hydroelectricity. Solid renewable energy sources consist of wood, straw, short rotation coppice, other biomass and the biodegradable fraction of wastes. Gaseous renewable sources consist of landfill gas and sewage gas. 

  • Secondary fuels

    Fuels derived from natural primary sources of energy. For example, electricity generated from burning coal, gas or oil is a secondary fuel, as are coke and coke oven gas.

  • Tonne of oil equivalent (toe)

    A common unit of measurement that enables different fuels to be compared and aggregated. 

  • Upstream

    A term to cover the activities related to the exploration, production and delivery to a terminal or other facility of oil or gas for export or onward shipment within the UK.

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Contact Details

For statistical enquiries about this topic, please contact:

Anwar Annut

Email: anwar.annut@decc.gsi.gov.uk

Telephone: +44 0300 068 5060

Department of Energy and Climate Change Energy Statistics Team Ground Floor, Kings Buildings c/o 3 Whitehall Place London SW1A 2AW

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